My name is J.T. in this board. I am a senior student in a Japanese university, and writing a thesis for my graduation using Texpad. When I change the way to manage bibliography; I wrote bibliography directly on a .tex file before, but I wanted to manage .bib file.

I made a .bib file. My graduate thesis is in Japanese so I set pLaTeX->dvipdfmx + BibTeX for compiling. In the end of .tex file, I wrote


,where jplain is a Japanese plain style including Japanese articles or books in .bib file. I saved the .bib file as bibliography.bib.

I pressed typeset button, but the place where I cited was [?] and there is no bibliography space in the pdf file. I checked the same directory where the .tex file placed. .bbl file has been created in the directory but there is no characters just made a file.

P.S. I read theses written in English but I don't write English so you may confuse this. But I was wondering if you could help the problem.

  • Welcome to TeX SX! Did you rerun pLaTeX after running bibtex?
    – Bernard
    Commented Sep 20, 2015 at 9:57
  • The editor Texpad is automatically typeset these steps. You mean platex->bibtex->platex ?
    – J.T.
    Commented Sep 20, 2015 at 10:18
  • I created the bibliography file on BibDesk for mac.
    – J.T.
    Commented Sep 20, 2015 at 10:55
  • Yes I meant the sequence platex->bibtex->platex (and sometimes a 3rd run of platex), just the same as latex ->bibtex …
    – Bernard
    Commented Sep 20, 2015 at 11:18
  • The process I need to do in Texpad? I just checked the typeset setting 'bibtex' box.
    – J.T.
    Commented Sep 20, 2015 at 12:09

1 Answer 1


What I found has helped me (when I get an empty or non-existant .bbl, .blg, or other auxiliary files while using a graphical TeX editor) is to run each command separately.

That is, instead of using a predefined command string (e.g.,pdflatex -> bibtex -> pdflatex -> pdflatex) or the default compile or compile & view button, literally run each command in your sequence by itself and inspect the resulting issues/log file. You may not see errors directly related to the generation of your .blg or .bbl files unless you run bibtex, biber, etc. by itself.

See this link for helpful tips on troubleshooting bibliography issues.

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