3

I have the problem that my caption is very far away from my table and I can't find a reason and solution for that. Can anyone help me to solve it? I already tried

\usepackage{caption}
\captionsetup{skip=0.8pt}
\captionsetup[longtable]{skip=0pt}

but that did not work :(

     \documentclass[12pt, a4paper]{article}

    %some important packages
    \usepackage[T1]{fontenc}                    %package to set font encoding
    \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}             %package to set input encoding
    \usepackage[english,ngerman]{babel}                 %option for paper in german
    \usepackage{graphicx}                       %package to include graphics
    \usepackage{setspace}                       %package to set space between lines
    \usepackage{lscape}                         %package to rotate pages
    \usepackage{booktabs}                       %package for nice tables
    \usepackage{amsmath,amsfonts,amssymb}       %packages for LaTeX that provides various features to facilitate writing math   
    %\usepackage{fourier} % fourier calls \usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
    % \usepackage{mathpazo}
    % weitere?
    %\usepackage{fouriernc}
    \usepackage[charter]{mathdesign}
    \setlength{\parindent}{0pt} 
    \parskip1ex % sets paragraph without indent but small space between paragraphs

    \usepackage{abstract}
    \renewcommand{\absnamepos}{flushleft}
    \setlength{\absleftindent}{0pt}
    \setlength{\absrightindent}{0pt}

                                                %formulas and to improve the typographical quality of their output 
\usepackage{array}
       \usepackage{tabularx}                        %package for column width and linebreaks in table cells
    \usepackage{longtable,tabu}
    \usepackage{hhline} % for double line

    \usepackage{caption}
    \captionsetup{skip=0.8pt}
    \captionsetup[longtable]{skip=0pt}

    %adjustment of page parameters
    \renewcommand{\baselinestretch}{1.3}        %line spacing is set to 1.5
    \setlength{\textheight}{22.86cm}            %text height
    \setlength{\textwidth}{14cm}                %text width
    \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{1cm}             %page margin 
    \setlength{\evensidemargin}{1cm}            %page margin
    \setlength{\topmargin}{-0.76cm}             %top margin
    \setlength{\footnotesep}{10.0pt}            %space between footnote and text



     \begin{document}
        \begin{longtabu} to 0.9\textwidth {
                X[2,l] |
                X[2,c]
                X[2,c]
                X[2,c]
                X[3,c] 
                X[2,c] |
                X[2,c]
                X[2,c] |
                X[4,c] }    
                \caption{Country-Specific Characteristics} \\
                \label{table:essexx}    \\ \\\hline   \\ 
                Cntry    & $\widehat{ex}_j$ & SEs & p-Val & \%-Effect & $\hat{S}_i$ & SEs & p-Val & $\lambda_i$ (US=1) 
                \\\hline
            &&&&&&&&\\
            USA & 5.40 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -62.5 & 0.54 & 0.17 & 0.002 & 1.00 \\                                            
            ARG & 1.62 & 0.26 & 0.000 & -25.6 & 0.69 & 0.19 & 0.000 & 2.00 \\                                            
            AUS & 2.50 & 0.25 & 0.000 & -36.5 & 0.11 & 0.18 & 0.541 & 3.00 \\                                            
            AUT & 1.35 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -21.8 & 0.77 & 0.17 & 0.000 & 4.00 \\                                            
            BEL & 5.14 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -60.7 & -1.55 & 0.17 & 0.000 & 5.00 \\                                           
            BEN & -3.71 & 0.41 & 0.000 & 96.3 & -0.25 & 0.23 & 0.277 & 6.00 \\                                           
            BGD & -0.42 & 0.27 & 0.116 & 8.0 & 0.54 & 0.21 & 0.010 & 7.00 \\                                             
            BOL & -2.61 & 0.31 & 0.000 & 60.7 & -0.09 & 0.21 & 0.668 & 8.00 \\                                           
            BRA & 2.21 & 0.25 & 0.000 & -33.1 & 1.27 & 0.18 & 0.000 & 9.00 \\                                            
            CAF & -4.04 & 0.52 & 0.000 & 108.6 & 0.33 & 0.24 & 0.169 & 10.00 \\                                          
            CAN & 3.32 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -45.3 & 0.11 & 0.17 & 0.518 & 11.00 \\                                           
            CHE & 2.19 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -32.8 & 0.75 & 0.17 & 0.000 & 12.00 \\                                           
            CHL & 2.39 & 0.26 & 0.000 & -35.3 & -0.39 & 0.18 & 0.030 & 13.00 \\                                          
            CHN & 4.40 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -55.1 & 0.76 & 0.17 & 0.000 & 14.00 \\                                           
            CMR & -1.50 & 0.30 & 0.000 & 31.5 & -0.43 & 0.20 & 0.032 & 15.00 \\                                          
            COL & -0.45 & 0.26 & 0.084 & 8.5 & 0.63 & 0.19 & 0.001 & 16.00 \\                                            
            CRI & -0.96 & 0.28 & 0.001 & 19.1 & 0.01 & 0.20 & 0.960 & 17.00 \\                                           
            DNK & 1.67 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -26.2 & 0.81 & 0.17 & 0.000 & 18.00 \\                                           
            DOM & -1.45 & 0.29 & 0.000 & 30.1 & -0.49 & 0.21 & 0.020 & 19.00 \\                                          
            ECU & -1.09 & 0.29 & 0.000 & 21.9 & 0.06 & 0.20 & 0.764 & 20.00 \\                                           
            EGY & -2.66 & 0.27 & 0.000 & 62.1 & 1.17 & 0.19 & 0.000 & 21.00 \\                                           
            ESP & 2.82 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -40.1 & 0.53 & 0.17 & 0.002 & 22.00 \\                                           
            ETH & -2.44 & 0.33 & 0.000 & 56.0 & -1.15 & 0.23 & 0.000 & 23.00 \\                                          
            FIN & 0.82 & 0.25 & 0.001 & -13.8 & 1.39 & 0.18 & 0.000 & 24.00 \\                                           
            FRA & 3.69 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -48.8 & 0.68 & 0.17 & 0.000 & 25.00 \\                                           
            GBR & 4.60 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -56.6 & -0.08 & 0.17 & 0.638 & 26.00 \\                                          
            GHA & -0.51 & 0.32 & 0.109 & 9.8 & -1.50 & 0.22 & 0.000 & 27.00 \\                                           
            GRC & -0.68 & 0.25 & 0.007 & 13.1 & 0.75 & 0.18 & 0.000 & 28.00 \\                                           
            GTM & -2.28 & 0.29 & 0.000 & 51.2 & -0.03 & 0.20 & 0.881 & 29.00 \\                                          
            HND & -2.96 & 0.32 & 0.000 & 71.3 & -0.46 & 0.20 & 0.021 & 30.00 \\                                          
            IND & 1.86 & 0.25 & 0.000 & -28.6 & 1.24 & 0.18 & 0.000 & 31.00 \\                                           
            IRL & 2.54 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -37.0 & -0.33 & 0.18 & 0.067 & 32.00 \\                                          
            IRN & -2.35 & 0.31 & 0.000 & 53.4 & 1.20 & 0.23 & 0.000 & 33.00 \\                                           
            ISR & 1.78 & 0.27 & 0.000 & -27.7 & -0.01 & 0.20 & 0.960 & 34.00 \\                                          
            ITA & 3.48 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -46.9 & 0.85 & 0.17 & 0.000 & 35.00 \\                                           
            JAM & -2.04 & 0.30 & 0.000 & 44.9 & -0.50 & 0.19 & 0.009 & 36.00 
muchmoreDATA &&&&&&&&\\
            \hline                                     
        \end{longtabu}}
        \end{spacing}
    \end{document}

Glad for any help, GZ

  • 2
    you have two blank lines after the caption. what is the intention of three consecutive \\ with no text? \\ \label{table:essexx} \\ \\ – David Carlisle Sep 22 '15 at 15:39
  • I would never use tabularx/tabu X columns with numeric data, far better to set them natural width aligned using dcolumn or siunitx – David Carlisle Sep 22 '15 at 15:41
5
            \caption{Country-Specific Characteristics} \\
            \label{table:essexx}    \\ \\\hline   \\ 
            Cntry    & $\widehat{ex}_j$ & SEs & p-Val & \%-Effect & $\hat{S}_i$ & SEs & p-Val & $\lambda_i$ (US=1) 

puts two blank lines between the caption the hline then another blank line before "Cntry", You want

          \caption{Country-Specific Characteristics\label{table:essexx}}\\
          \hline
           Cntry    & $\widehat{ex}_j$ & SEs & p-Val & \%-Effect & $\hat{S}_i$ & SEs & p-Val & $\lambda_i$ (US=1) 

Never use a \\ after \hline.

  • I'm deeply sorry for my useless editing, it seems I should go to bed right now... – Axel Sommerfeldt Sep 22 '15 at 20:51
2

You had a lot of mistakes in your given code. I corrected them (including that one pointed out by @DavidCarlisle). I did a prettyprint for your table. In this way it is easier to see where numbers or & are missing or more than needed ... You have booktabs in your preamble but you did not use it, why?

The last big errors I commented out (see the leading %) in the following corrected code:

\documentclass[12pt, a4paper]{article}

%some important packages
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}                    %package to set font encoding
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}             %package to set input encoding
\usepackage[english,ngerman]{babel}                 %option for paper in german
\usepackage{booktabs}                       %package for nice tables

\usepackage[charter]{mathdesign}
\setlength{\parindent}{0pt} 
\parskip1ex % sets paragraph without indent but small space between paragraphs

\usepackage{array}
\usepackage{tabularx}                        %package for column width and linebreaks in table cells
\usepackage{longtable,tabu}

\usepackage{caption}
\captionsetup{skip=0.8pt}
\captionsetup[longtable]{skip=0pt}

    %adjustment of page parameters
    \renewcommand{\baselinestretch}{1.3}        %line spacing is set to 1.5
    \setlength{\textheight}{22.86cm}            %text height
    \setlength{\textwidth}{14cm}                %text width
    \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{1cm}             %page margin 
    \setlength{\evensidemargin}{1cm}            %page margin
    \setlength{\topmargin}{-0.76cm}             %top margin
    \setlength{\footnotesep}{10.0pt}            %space between footnote and text


\begin{document}
\begin{longtabu} to 0.9\textwidth {
  X[2,l] |
  X[2,c]
  X[2,c]
  X[2,c]
  X[3,c] 
  X[2,c] |
  X[2,c]
  X[2,c] |
  X[4,c] } 
  \caption{Country-Specific Characteristics}
  \label{table:essexx} \\ \toprule
  Cntry    & $\widehat{ex}_j$ & SEs & p-Val & \%-Effect & $\hat{S}_i$ & SEs & p-Val & $\lambda_i$ (US=1) 
  \\\midrule
  USA &  5.40 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -62.5 &  0.54 & 0.17 & 0.002 &  1.00 \\
  ARG &  1.62 & 0.26 & 0.000 & -25.6 &  0.69 & 0.19 & 0.000 &  2.00 \\
  AUS &  2.50 & 0.25 & 0.000 & -36.5 &  0.11 & 0.18 & 0.541 &  3.00 \\
  AUT &  1.35 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -21.8 &  0.77 & 0.17 & 0.000 &  4.00 \\
  BEL &  5.14 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -60.7 & -1.55 & 0.17 & 0.000 &  5.00 \\
  BEN & -3.71 & 0.41 & 0.000 &  96.3 & -0.25 & 0.23 & 0.277 &  6.00 \\
  BGD & -0.42 & 0.27 & 0.116 &   8.0 &  0.54 & 0.21 & 0.010 &  7.00 \\                                             
  BOL & -2.61 & 0.31 & 0.000 &  60.7 & -0.09 & 0.21 & 0.668 &  8.00 \\                                           
  BRA &  2.21 & 0.25 & 0.000 & -33.1 &  1.27 & 0.18 & 0.000 &  9.00 \\                                            
  CAF & -4.04 & 0.52 & 0.000 & 108.6 &  0.33 & 0.24 & 0.169 & 10.00 \\                                          
  CAN &  3.32 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -45.3 &  0.11 & 0.17 & 0.518 & 11.00 \\                                           
  CHE &  2.19 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -32.8 &  0.75 & 0.17 & 0.000 & 12.00 \\                                           
  CHL &  2.39 & 0.26 & 0.000 & -35.3 & -0.39 & 0.18 & 0.030 & 13.00 \\                                          
  CHN &  4.40 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -55.1 &  0.76 & 0.17 & 0.000 & 14.00 \\                                           
  CMR & -1.50 & 0.30 & 0.000 &  31.5 & -0.43 & 0.20 & 0.032 & 15.00 \\                                          
  COL & -0.45 & 0.26 & 0.084 &   8.5 &  0.63 & 0.19 & 0.001 & 16.00 \\                                            
  CRI & -0.96 & 0.28 & 0.001 &  19.1 &  0.01 & 0.20 & 0.960 & 17.00 \\                                           
  DNK &  1.67 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -26.2 &  0.81 & 0.17 & 0.000 & 18.00 \\                                           
  DOM & -1.45 & 0.29 & 0.000 &  30.1 & -0.49 & 0.21 & 0.020 & 19.00 \\                                          
  ECU & -1.09 & 0.29 & 0.000 &  21.9 &  0.06 & 0.20 & 0.764 & 20.00 \\                                           
  EGY & -2.66 & 0.27 & 0.000 &  62.1 &  1.17 & 0.19 & 0.000 & 21.00 \\                                           
  ESP &  2.82 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -40.1 &  0.53 & 0.17 & 0.002 & 22.00 \\                                           
  ETH & -2.44 & 0.33 & 0.000 &  56.0 & -1.15 & 0.23 & 0.000 & 23.00 \\                                          
  FIN &  0.82 & 0.25 & 0.001 & -13.8 &  1.39 & 0.18 & 0.000 & 24.00 \\                                           
  FRA &  3.69 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -48.8 &  0.68 & 0.17 & 0.000 & 25.00 \\                                           
  GBR &  4.60 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -56.6 & -0.08 & 0.17 & 0.638 & 26.00 \\
  GHA & -0.51 & 0.32 & 0.109 &   9.8 & -1.50 & 0.22 & 0.000 & 27.00 \\
  GRC & -0.68 & 0.25 & 0.007 &  13.1 &  0.75 & 0.18 & 0.000 & 28.00 \\
  GTM & -2.28 & 0.29 & 0.000 &  51.2 & -0.03 & 0.20 & 0.881 & 29.00 \\
  HND & -2.96 & 0.32 & 0.000 &  71.3 & -0.46 & 0.20 & 0.021 & 30.00 \\
  IND &  1.86 & 0.25 & 0.000 & -28.6 &  1.24 & 0.18 & 0.000 & 31.00 \\
  IRL &  2.54 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -37.0 & -0.33 & 0.18 & 0.067 & 32.00 \\
  IRN & -2.35 & 0.31 & 0.000 &  53.4 &  1.20 & 0.23 & 0.000 & 33.00 \\
  ISR &  1.78 & 0.27 & 0.000 & -27.7 & -0.01 & 0.20 & 0.960 & 34.00 \\
  ITA &  3.48 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -46.9 &  0.85 & 0.17 & 0.000 & 35.00 \\
  JAM & -2.04 & 0.30 & 0.000 &  44.9 & -0.50 & 0.19 & 0.009 & 36.00 \\ 
  \bottomrule                                     
\end{longtabu}%}
%\end{spacing}
\end{document}
1

Instead of using a longtabu environment, you may want to use a longtable environment. I would also suggest you use the S column type, provided by the siunitx package, to decimal-align all numbers in columns 2 through 9 and to get math-mode - (minus) symbols instead of dashes for the negative numbers in the table.

enter image description here

enter image description here

\documentclass[12pt, a4paper]{article}

%some important packages
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}             %set font encoding
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}          %set input encoding
\usepackage[english,ngerman]{babel}  %language options
\usepackage{booktabs}                %nice rules in tables

\usepackage[charter]{mathdesign}

% sets paragraph without indent but small space between paragraphs
\setlength{\parindent}{0pt} 
\setlength\parskip{1ex} 

\usepackage{array,longtable,siunitx}
\usepackage[skip=1ex]{caption}

%adjustment of page parameters
\usepackage{setspace}
\setstretch{1.3}    %set line spacing to 1.3

% page and text block parameters
\setlength{\textheight}{22.86cm}
\setlength{\textwidth}{14cm}   
\setlength{\oddsidemargin}{1cm}    
\setlength{\evensidemargin}{1cm} 
\setlength{\topmargin}{-0.76cm}   

%space between footnote and text
\setlength\footnotesep{10pt}     

\begin{document}
\begin{longtable}{@{} l
                      S[table-format= 1.2]
                      S[table-format= 1.2]
                      S[table-format= 1.3]
                      S[table-format=-2.2]
                      S[table-format=-1.2]
                      S[table-format= 1.2]
                      S[table-format= 1.3]
                      S[table-format= 2.0,
                        round-mode=places,
                        round-precision=0]
                  @{}}
\caption{Country-Specific Characteristics} \label{table:essexx} \\ 
\toprule
Country & {$\widehat{\textit{ex}}_j$} & {SEs} & {p-Val} & {\%-Effect} & {$\hat{S}_i$} & {SEs} & {p-Val} & {$\lambda_i$} \\
  & & & & & & & & {(USA$\equiv$1)} \\
\midrule
\endfirsthead

\multicolumn{9}{@{}l}{(Table \ref{table:essexx}, continued)}\\ 
\addlinespace
\toprule
Country & {$\widehat{\textit{ex}}_j$} & {SEs} & {p-Val} & {\%-Effect} & {$\hat{S}_i$} & {SEs} & {p-Val} & {$\lambda_i$} \\
  & & & & & & & & {(USA$\equiv$1)} \\
\midrule
\endhead


\bottomrule
\addlinespace
\multicolumn{9}{r@{}}{(continued on following page)}\\
\endfoot
\bottomrule
\endlastfoot

  USA &  5.40 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -62.5 &  0.54 & 0.17 & 0.002 &  1.00 \\
  ARG &  1.62 & 0.26 & 0.000 & -25.6 &  0.69 & 0.19 & 0.000 &  2.00 \\
  AUS &  2.50 & 0.25 & 0.000 & -36.5 &  0.11 & 0.18 & 0.541 &  3.00 \\
  AUT &  1.35 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -21.8 &  0.77 & 0.17 & 0.000 &  4.00 \\
  BEL &  5.14 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -60.7 & -1.55 & 0.17 & 0.000 &  5.00 \\
  BEN & -3.71 & 0.41 & 0.000 &  96.3 & -0.25 & 0.23 & 0.277 &  6.00 \\
  BGD & -0.42 & 0.27 & 0.116 &   8.0 &  0.54 & 0.21 & 0.010 &  7.00 \\                                             
  BOL & -2.61 & 0.31 & 0.000 &  60.7 & -0.09 & 0.21 & 0.668 &  8.00 \\                                           
  BRA &  2.21 & 0.25 & 0.000 & -33.1 &  1.27 & 0.18 & 0.000 &  9.00 \\                                            
  CAF & -4.04 & 0.52 & 0.000 & 108.6 &  0.33 & 0.24 & 0.169 & 10.00 \\                                          
  CAN &  3.32 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -45.3 &  0.11 & 0.17 & 0.518 & 11.00 \\                                           
  CHE &  2.19 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -32.8 &  0.75 & 0.17 & 0.000 & 12.00 \\                                           
  CHL &  2.39 & 0.26 & 0.000 & -35.3 & -0.39 & 0.18 & 0.030 & 13.00 \\                                          
  CHN &  4.40 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -55.1 &  0.76 & 0.17 & 0.000 & 14.00 \\                                           
  CMR & -1.50 & 0.30 & 0.000 &  31.5 & -0.43 & 0.20 & 0.032 & 15.00 \\                                          
  COL & -0.45 & 0.26 & 0.084 &   8.5 &  0.63 & 0.19 & 0.001 & 16.00 \\                                            
  CRI & -0.96 & 0.28 & 0.001 &  19.1 &  0.01 & 0.20 & 0.960 & 17.00 \\                                           
  DNK &  1.67 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -26.2 &  0.81 & 0.17 & 0.000 & 18.00 \\                                           
  DOM & -1.45 & 0.29 & 0.000 &  30.1 & -0.49 & 0.21 & 0.020 & 19.00 \\                                          
  ECU & -1.09 & 0.29 & 0.000 &  21.9 &  0.06 & 0.20 & 0.764 & 20.00 \\                                           
  EGY & -2.66 & 0.27 & 0.000 &  62.1 &  1.17 & 0.19 & 0.000 & 21.00 \\                                           
  ESP &  2.82 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -40.1 &  0.53 & 0.17 & 0.002 & 22.00 \\                                           
  ETH & -2.44 & 0.33 & 0.000 &  56.0 & -1.15 & 0.23 & 0.000 & 23.00 \\                                          
  FIN &  0.82 & 0.25 & 0.001 & -13.8 &  1.39 & 0.18 & 0.000 & 24.00 \\                                           
  FRA &  3.69 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -48.8 &  0.68 & 0.17 & 0.000 & 25.00 \\                                           
  GBR &  4.60 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -56.6 & -0.08 & 0.17 & 0.638 & 26.00 \\
  GHA & -0.51 & 0.32 & 0.109 &   9.8 & -1.50 & 0.22 & 0.000 & 27.00 \\
  GRC & -0.68 & 0.25 & 0.007 &  13.1 &  0.75 & 0.18 & 0.000 & 28.00 \\
  GTM & -2.28 & 0.29 & 0.000 &  51.2 & -0.03 & 0.20 & 0.881 & 29.00 \\
  HND & -2.96 & 0.32 & 0.000 &  71.3 & -0.46 & 0.20 & 0.021 & 30.00 \\
  IND &  1.86 & 0.25 & 0.000 & -28.6 &  1.24 & 0.18 & 0.000 & 31.00 \\
  IRL &  2.54 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -37.0 & -0.33 & 0.18 & 0.067 & 32.00 \\
  IRN & -2.35 & 0.31 & 0.000 &  53.4 &  1.20 & 0.23 & 0.000 & 33.00 \\
  ISR &  1.78 & 0.27 & 0.000 & -27.7 & -0.01 & 0.20 & 0.960 & 34.00 \\
  ITA &  3.48 & 0.24 & 0.000 & -46.9 &  0.85 & 0.17 & 0.000 & 35.00 \\
  JAM & -2.04 & 0.30 & 0.000 &  44.9 & -0.50 & 0.19 & 0.009 & 36.00 \\                                  
\end{longtable}
\end{document}
  • I really thank you for that help, the table looks very nice now. What I forgot is that I want to have smaller spacing in the table, thats why I put the longtabu in a \begin{spacing}{0.8} environment, that does not work with your code anymore. Since I have 77 observations my table would cover 4 pages without smaller spacing. Do you have an idea how to shrink it? – xm0riTzx Sep 23 '15 at 9:20
  • @MoritzHemmerlein - You're welcome. :-) On the spacing issue: You could issue the instruction \begin{singlespacing} before \begin{longtable}...} and issue the instruction \end{singlespacing} after \end{longtable}. I wouldn't make it more cramped than single-spacing, as the readability will suffer greatly if you issued a command such as \setstretch{0.8}. – Mico Sep 23 '15 at 9:50

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.