I have set up a document to have a table of content:


I then have sections within the document which appear in the table of content



\section{\small{Chapter 1}}


The problem is, at section 1, I get a large 1 followed by the text Introduction which is much smaller. Then in section 2, I get a large 2 followed by the text Chapter 2 which is much smaller. How can I reduce the size of these numbers?

Also the space above and below the section titles is far too large. How can I reduce these?
I tried:


but I still had large spacing above and below the section heading.

closed as unclear what you're asking by user31729, Mensch, Henri Menke, user13907, Martin Schröder Sep 3 '16 at 22:23

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  • Which document class are you using? Why \tableofcontents with an argument? – Gonzalo Medina Oct 1 '15 at 15:33
  • \documentclass[10pt,a5paper]{extarticle} – adam.888 Oct 1 '15 at 15:46
  • I added argument: small to table of content in the hope of making the section number and section spacing smaller – adam.888 Oct 1 '15 at 15:48
  • Do you want to reduce the space between section entries in the ToC or the space between section titles and surrounding text in the document? – Gonzalo Medina Oct 1 '15 at 15:51
  • 1
    Do you plan to use all sections this way? i.e. \section{\small some title}. By the way, please don't use {\small{text}} it's {\small text}. – touhami Oct 5 '15 at 7:38

The sizes of the sectioning command headings are fixed in the definitions using \@startsection -- it's the last argument there.

The spacings before and after the heading can be controlled with the 4th and 5th argument of \@startsection.

I changed the values only slightly -- the precise values are left to the O.P -- those values depend on personal preferences, but they shouldn't exceed any boundary, i.e. leak into the margins.

In order to change the size of the ToC entries: tocloft and its \cftsecfont and \cftsubsecfont commands can be redefined to use \small or \tiny.



\renewcommand\section{\@startsection {section}{1}{\z@}%
                                   {-2.5ex \@plus -1ex \@minus -.2ex}%
                                   {0.3ex \@plus.2ex}%

                                     {-3.25ex\@plus -1ex \@minus -.2ex}%
                                     {1.5ex \@plus .2ex}%



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