# Table with number but without caption

Is there a way to add a table with a table-number shown below it, but without any caption?

I also need to add a label for referencing the table.

When I use \caption{}:

\documentclass{book}

\begin{document}
\begin{table}[h]
\centering
\begin{tabular}{|c|c|}
\hline
1
&
2
\\\hline
\end{tabular}
\caption{}\label{lab}
\end{table}

\end{document}


The tabled is numbered but it has : after the number as if there is some caption after it.

• \caption{}  ? – David Carlisle Oct 22 '15 at 16:09
• @DavidCarlisle. Yes. I don't want to add any comment for the table. But I need it be numbered and referenced. – nano - merge me Oct 22 '15 at 16:11
• oh you don't even want the number printed? just be able to reference it with \ref ? No you say you do want the number printed. \caption{} will produce something like Table 3 – David Carlisle Oct 22 '15 at 16:12
• @DavidCarlisle That would take me quite a long time to find. – Johannes_B Oct 22 '15 at 16:13
• @Johannes_B the power of hyperref.... – David Carlisle Oct 22 '15 at 16:14

Adding \caption{} to a table adds an unwanted table separator to the caption. For example, you might end up with a caption:

Table 1:


You can control this, for example, with the package caption. For example:

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{booktabs}
\usepackage[labelsep=none]{caption}

\begin{document}

\begin{table}
\centering
\begin{tabular}{cc}
\toprule
left number & right number \\
\midrule
5.6 &  3.8 \\
1.3 & 20.4 \\
10.4 &  5.2 \\
1.3 &  0.8 \\
7.2 &  3.9 \\
2.5 & 16.2 \\
\bottomrule
\end{tabular}
\caption{}
\label{tab:tab}
\end{table}

Let's refer to Table~\ref{tab:tab}.

\end{document}


Table 1


If there are other tables that need an ordinary caption, you can use \captionsetup to temporarily change options. See the documentation for more details.

The package also contains further options to control the caption. For example, if you really want only the number (without "Table" in front) under the table, you can use:

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{booktabs}
\usepackage[labelsep=none,labelformat=empty]{caption}

\begin{document}

\begin{table}
\centering
\begin{tabular}{cc}
\toprule
left number & right number \\
\midrule
5.6 &  3.8 \\
1.3 & 20.4 \\
10.4 &  5.2 \\
1.3 &  0.8 \\
7.2 &  3.9 \\
2.5 & 16.2 \\
\bottomrule
\end{tabular}
\caption{\ref{tab:tab}}
\label{tab:tab}
\end{table}

Let's refer to table~\ref{tab:tab}.

\end{document}

• For reference: One can also perform the caption setup locally; within the table environment, if need be. – Werner Oct 22 '15 at 17:06

How about a \fakecaption that increments the table counter and sets \tablename\ \thetable: ? This way the label and references work.

\documentclass{book}

\newcommand{\fakecaption}{%
\vskip0.5\baselineskip
\refstepcounter{table}%
\tablename\ \thetable%
}

\usepackage{blindtext}

\begin{document}

\blindtext[5]

In Table \ref{lab} we see important stuff!

\blindtext[5]

\begin{table}[h]
\centering
\begin{tabular}{|c|c|}
\hline
1
&
2
\\\hline
\end{tabular}
\fakecaption\label{lab}
\end{table}

\blindtext[5]

\end{document}