I'm having trouble using \cref in emacs' AUCTeX + RefTeX mode. The pdf shows the reference to a picture as "section 1.3" instead of "Fig.1a" (see snapshot below) as it should, when \usepackage{cleveref} is loaded in the preamble of the main.tex file.

I've read these 2 discussions: link-1, link-2, and I have added the following lines to my .emacs file but can't notice any change in emacs' behaviour.

;;emacs RefTeX
(setq reftex-ref-macro-prompt nil) ;skips picking the reference style

;code taken from SX "Cleveref: AUCTeX and RefTeX set-up"
    (lambda ()
      (if (boundp 'reftex-ref-style-alist)
       '("Cleveref" "cleveref"
         (("\\cref" ?c) ("\\Cref" ?C) ("\\cpageref" ?d) ("\\Cpageref" ?D)))))
      (reftex-ref-style-activate "Cleveref")
       '("cref" TeX-arg-ref)
       '("Cref" TeX-arg-ref)
       '("cpageref" TeX-arg-ref)
       '("Cpageref" TeX-arg-ref)))))

Can someone help me out, please?


\documentclass[10pt, a4paper]{article}

% Palatino for serif & math, Helvetica for ss, Courier for tt
\usepackage{mathpazo} % math & rm
\linespread{1.05}     % Palatino needs more leading (space between lines)
\usepackage[scaled]{helvet} % ss
\usepackage{courier} % tt

\usepackage[colorlinks=false, pdfborder={0 0 0}]{hyperref}



\item bla bla bla? [cfr. \cref{fig:rame}]

   \end{subfigure} \quad
\caption{General caption}


=SNAPSHOT= in pdf, reference doesn't correspond to picture's capiton

  • Maybe you should tell which version of emacs and auctex, which OS you are using. I won't be able to help you anyway, but maybe these hints would help some experts. Did you go into the same troubles when you compile with latexmk from outside emacs?
    – sztruks
    Oct 31, 2015 at 19:51
  • 2
    Your two subfigure environments appear to lack \caption statements. Also, for the overall ` figure`, the label should come after the caption.
    – Mico
    Oct 31, 2015 at 19:57

1 Answer 1


The issues you're experiencing are not related to emacs, and they are only indirectly related to cleveref. You need to do the following:

  • In the main figure, interchange the order of \caption and \label: the \caption statement must come before the \label statement.

  • Provide \caption statements for each of the two subfigure environments. Be mindful of the fact that the \caption statements must come before the \label statements.

  • Fix the argument of the \label instruction in the second subfigure: It currently reads rame, whereas the argument of \cref is fig:rame. I suggest you change the \label statement to \label{fig:rame}.

Finally, if you need \cref to generate Fig. rather than fig., be sure to load the cleveref package with the option capitalize (capitalise works too).

  • 1
    Thanks for the capitalize hint! There's still a teeny-tiny problem I'm getting – when I press C-c ) I get \ref{} instead of \cref{}. Also, Emacs still asks for reference style . Is the elisp code above, not effective? Nov 1, 2015 at 9:45
  • 1
    I'm afraid I'm not an Emacs expert. May I ask you to pose a new question that's specifically about (a) how to get C-c to generate \cref{} and (b) how to answer Emacs's query about reference styles?
    – Mico
    Nov 1, 2015 at 9:54
  • 1
    @WobblyWindows I have just the thing if you'd like to post a question so it's not hidden in these comments =) Nov 1, 2015 at 14:27

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