# pdflatex bash script to supress all output except error messages?

I have a bash script which I use to compile a file with pdflatex twice (to make sure it sorts out references properly, etc.). This is the 'latexbuild' script I use:

module load ctan
pdflatex --shell-escape --interaction=nonstopmode $1 bibtex$1
pdflatex --shell-escape --interaction=nonstopmode --interaction=batchmode $1  I would then call this script with latexbuild test.tex. It produces a lot of output which I would like to supress, except for the error messages which I'd like to see. Is there any way to only allow error messages to be displayed? • I think that the best you can get (without filtering) is the -halt-on-error flag, which stops on first error. Also two LaTeX passes may not be enough in general. And what about warning messages? – Andrey Vihrov Sep 8 '11 at 16:52 • Yeah I mean warnings as well as errors. The KDE latex editor Kile somehow manages to do it, it has a small log window which only displays errors and warnings, but I can't figure out how to do that in a script – Eddy Sep 8 '11 at 16:55 • No. TeX does not distinguish between stdout and stderr. – egreg Sep 8 '11 at 17:03 • Possible cross site duplicate of: stackoverflow.com/questions/1037927/run-pdflatex-quietly , except that here it is on topic =) – Ciro Santilli 新疆改造中心法轮功六四事件 Mar 14 '14 at 11:31 ## 4 Answers You could use the -file-line-error option and then grep the output for something of that form filename:##:error code (Below I just use the regex .*:[0-9]*:.*. Works decently well on a few tests. Note, bibtex is run on the .aux file not the .tex file. For it, using the -terse option is probably sufficient. Lastly I have no idea what your module load ctan does (--I have no such program--), so I excluded it. #!/bin/bash ARGUMENT="$1"
#determine aux name by stripping .tex suffix and adding .aux
AUXNAME="${ARGUMENT%.tex}.aux" pdflatex -shell-escape -interaction=nonstopmode -file-line-error "$ARGUMENT" | grep ".*:[0-9]*:.*"
bibtex -terse "$AUXNAME" pdflatex -shell-escape -interaction=nonstopmode -file-line-error "$ARGUMENT" | grep ".*:[0-9]*:.*"


You might want to play around with the -A and -B options to grep if you want some context surrounding the error messages, rather than just a single line.

I'd also play around with using if constructs or checking exit status to determine whether the last two steps should be done. (E.g., if an error is found in the first run, don't bother with the second, etc.) I can give more details if need be.

EDIT: Just saw your comment about warnings. The above will only catch true errors. I'm not sure there is a standard to warning messages, but grepping for the word "warning" might be good enough. so then it's something like:

#!/bin/bash
ARGUMENT="$1" #determine aux name by stripping .tex suffix and adding .aux AUXNAME="${ARGUMENT%.tex}.aux"
pdflatex -shell-escape -interaction=nonstopmode -file-line-error "$ARGUMENT" | grep -i ".*:[0-9]*:.*\|warning" bibtex -terse "$AUXNAME"
pdflatex -shell-escape -interaction=nonstopmode -file-line-error "$ARGUMENT" | grep -i ".*:[0-9]*:.*\|warning"  • Thanks, that worked well. I changed grep ".*:[0-9]*:.*" to egrep ".*:[0-9]*:.*|LaTeX Warning:" so that it looks for warnings as well as errors. – Eddy Sep 8 '11 at 17:44 The texfot script by Karl Berry has been recently added to TeX Live; the command line > texfot pdflatex eddy  where eddy.tex is \documentclass{article} \begin{document} A purposely overfull line \makebox[1.1\textwidth]{x} And an error \abcdefghi \end{document}  will produce the following output on the terminal: /usr/texbin/texfot: invoking: pdflatex eddy This is pdfTeX, Version 3.1415926-2.5-1.40.14 (TeX Live 2013) Overfull \hbox (156.0012pt too wide) in paragraph at lines 4--6 ! Undefined control sequence. l.8 \abcdefghi ! Emergency stop. l.8 \abcdefghi ! ==> Fatal error occurred, no output PDF file produced! Transcript written on eddy.log.  Although the documentation asserts that the --interactive option allows for stopping at errors, this doesn't seem to work (maybe this will be fixed in a next release). The “real” terminal output is available in $TMPDIR/fot or /tmp/fot if the TMPDIR environment variable is not set.

• I have been looking for something like this for so long. Latex generates so much output. Very nice. Thank also to Karl Berry. – Nasser Jun 28 '15 at 6:31

The silence package provides a means for suppressing LaTeX package and class warnings and errors. For example, the command

\WarningFilter{latex}{Marginpar on page}


would suppress all warnings produced by latex that start with "Marginpar on page...". It is not always perfect, but it seems like something that might help in your case. You could also suppress all warnings (or errors) using \WarningsOff (or \ErrorsOff). Consider reading the package documentation for more of the filtering options.

• I think he wants to suppress everything but errors and warnings. This package seems to do just the opposite – Spike Jan 5 '12 at 21:53

Newb attempt that seems to be working on a few simple examples:

pdflatex a.tex | perl -0777 -ne 'print m/\n! .*?\nl\.\d.*?\n.*?(?=\n)/gs'


supposes that all errors are of form:

! Cryptic explanation
<maybe more cryptic explanations>
l.123 Undefined \asdfqwer
very very very very long line.


• An error does not necessarily start with an ! – daleif Mar 14 '14 at 13:35
• If you are using a TeXLive based system you can add file_line_error_style = t to the base texmf.cnf (the one in /<year>/), then there are no leading !. But texfot works just fine. – daleif Mar 14 '14 at 14:03
• I only tested it after reading egregs answer. Had a look at what texfot does, it is explicitly looking for certain strings from the program output. – daleif Mar 14 '14 at 14:11