I need to type a bibliography to my final graduation work (in brazilian portuguese) and I am facing a problem with BibTeX. Whenever I add in information like "Edition", it doesn't translate the word "Edition" to "Edição" when compiling. I've been trying to follow advices from other forums and I don't seem to be having any luck. Here's a MWE





The contents of my biblio.bib file are below:

author    = "BOULOS, Paulo",
title     = "C\'{a}lculo Diferencial e Integral",
publisher = "Pearson Makron Books",
volume   = "1",
address  = "S\~{a}o Paulo",
edition  = "1",
year      = "1999",
note     = "380 p",

So how can I get it to translate the words like "Edition" to "Edição"? Also, when I compile this, I get what seems to be a subitem, as if this entry in the bibliography had subentries, but that's not the case, how can I disable that?

Thanks in advance, my deadline is near and if I can't figure a way around, I'll need to swap back to MS Word to continue this work.

  • I would suggest switching to BibLaTeX. It automatically uses the language specified for the babel package in the bibliography. – geras May 9 '19 at 13:34

You can use babplain for a babel-aware version of plain part of the babelbib package see texdoc babelbib for more details.

You also need to add


so that it defines all the new fixed texts in an appropriate language.

| improve this answer | |
  • One last detail. I still get the annoying "subitem" after the reference. Something like [1] - first reference and then I get a subitem [1] to that, but empty. – Guilherme Vargas Nov 23 '15 at 14:50
  • @GuilhermeVargas sorry I can't guess, feel free to make a new question with an example document. (It's always best to open a new question rather than ask followup questions in comments, by design the site formatting makes it hard to discuss code in comments:-) – David Carlisle Nov 23 '15 at 14:54

Find plain.bst on your file system, copy the file, rename the file to something else. Open the file, add a comment that the name has changed and the current year and preferrably your name.

Find the edition function and replace it with the following block:

FUNCTION {format.edition}
{ edition empty$
    { "" }
    { output.state mid.sentence =
        { edition "l" change.case$ " Edi\c{c}\~ao" * }
        { edition "t" change.case$ " Edi\c{c}\~ao" * }

Save your file. Put it in the same folder as your tex document (for now).

Change your document to use the new modified bibliographystyle.


Or use biblatex, it picks up the language used in the doument.

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  • I upvoted your answer: I'm sure it'd come in handy if I were to customize other details (and I will). I'm not familiar with biblatex so the simplest solution was to use babplain, but thanks a lot for your help! – Guilherme Vargas Nov 23 '15 at 14:45

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