In this code, [c\mathbf{v}+c'\mathbf{v}',\mathbf{w}] is not shown in the equation. Is it because of the aligned environment? How to fix it?

  • As a comment, I found both \begin{aligned}{} and `\begin{aligned}\` work. Thanks all. – eccstartup Dec 9 '15 at 0:38

Update Jan. 2021. The current version of the amsmath package, 2020/09/23 v2.17i, no longer generates the problem described in the OP's query. Hence, taking "precautions" such as inserting a \relax or {} element before a [ element at the start of a line is no longer necessary.

What you're experiencing is the fact that the aligned environment -- as set up by the amsmath package -- is set to scan ahead for a positioning argument such as [t] or [b]. Material that's found in square brackets but which doesn't meet this format is simply discarded.

I can think of two solutions:

  • Insert \relax before the left square bracket (it will stop the bracket from being interpreted as an argument);

  • Insert {} (an empty math atom) before the left square bracket;

  • Load the mathtools package instead of the amsmath package, as the former takes care to disable this generally-unexpected-and-unwelcome setting.

A separate matter: To get the correct (and symmetric) amount of spacing around the = symbols, you should write &= rather than =&.

  • 4
    Or use \lbrack instead of [ when at the start of a line. – egreg Feb 19 '16 at 21:44

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