i'm using book as document class and i'm trying to create the bibliography at the end of the document. I've tried to use \begin{thebibliography}{1}but the result is not compatible with the one that i want. In particular i would like to have a division by chapter and the "tag" should not be (for example) [1,2,3,etc.] But (for the first chapter)[1-1,1-2,etc] (for the second) [2-1,2-2,etc.] and so on. Can you help me?

Here is an example.

Chapter 1



Chapter 2




  • Package chapterbib for example? And providing a document would helpful, not a textual representation of what you want to have.
    – user31729
    Dec 12, 2015 at 14:53
  • 1
    Using thebibliography means doing it by hand. Completely by hand. If you want an automatic solution, you should use an external file storing all the relevant information. Christian already mentioned chapterbib that is good with the old system using bibtex. It is even easier using the modern package biblatex in conjunction with biber.
    – Johannes_B
    Dec 12, 2015 at 15:02
  • ok, did not know about these packages.. Dec 12, 2015 at 15:05

1 Answer 1


Biblatex does this very easily. First you need to load the package

\usepackage[sorting=none, backend=biber, refsection = chapter]{biblatex} 

refsection is what that separates the references. And you need the backend to be set to "biber" if you want the next part to work.

Don't forget to add your .bib file:


And finally add the following line at the end of each chapter:

\chapter{Chapter One}

If you need to fine tune it more, check out the biblatex documentation

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