14
\documentclass[a4paper,titlepage]{article}
\usepackage{amsmath,amssymb}
\newcommand*{\PartialConj}{\ensuremath{\bar{\partial}}}
\newcommand*{\Abs}[1]{\ensuremath{\left\lvert #1\right\rvert}}
\begin{document}
\begin{align*}
\Abs{\PartialConj F(z)}
                & \leqslant \Abs{\chi'\left(\frac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{i}}^{2}}{\delta_{i}^{2}}\right)}\cdot\frac{\Abs{P_{i}(z)}}{\delta_{i}} + \Abs{\chi'\left(\frac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{k}}^{2}}{\delta_{k}^{2}}\right)}\cdot\frac{\Abs{P_{k}(z)}}{\delta_{k}} \\
                &{}+ \Abs{\chi'\left(\frac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{n}}^{2}}{\delta_{n}^{2}}\right)}\cdot\frac{\Abs{P_{n}(z)}}{\delta_{n}} \\
                & \lesssim \sup_{z\in A_{i}}\left\{\frac{\Abs{P_{i}(z)}}{\delta_{i}}\right\} + \sup_{z\in A_{k}}\left\{\frac{\Abs{P_{k}(z)}}{\delta_{k}}\right\} + \sup_{z\in A_{n}}\left\{\frac{\Abs{P_{n}(z)}}{\delta_{n}}\right\}
\end{align*}
\end{document}

I have a long equation showed as above, but I want move the second row to right as the following picture. What should I do?

3
  • 1
    Can you make a complete example, so we don't have to reinvent your custom macros (like \Abs, \PartialConj). Commented Dec 17, 2015 at 10:41
  • Better to edit the code in your question, also adding a \documentclass, the required packages, and other missing definitions. Commented Dec 17, 2015 at 10:47
  • I'm sorry, I forgot that.
    – Kin
    Commented Dec 17, 2015 at 10:53

6 Answers 6

15

Another alternative is to use an aligned block:

\documentclass[a4paper,titlepage]{article}
\usepackage{amsmath,amssymb}
\newcommand*{\PartialConj}{\ensuremath{\bar{\partial}}}
\newcommand*{\Abs}[1]{\ensuremath{\left\lvert #1\right\rvert}}
\begin{document}
\begin{align*}
\Abs{\PartialConj F(z)}
                & \leqslant \Abs{\chi'\left(\frac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{i}}^{2}}{\delta_{i}^{2}}\right)}\cdot\frac{\Abs{P_{i}(z)}}{\delta_{i}}
                  \begin{aligned}[t]
                    &{}+ \Abs{\chi'\left(\frac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{k}}^{2}}{\delta_{k}^{2}}\right)}\cdot\frac{\Abs{P_{k}(z)}}{\delta_{k}} \\
                    &{}+ \Abs{\chi'\left(\frac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{n}}^{2}}{\delta_{n}^{2}}\right)}\cdot\frac{\Abs{P_{n}(z)}}{\delta_{n}}
                  \end{aligned}\\
                & \lesssim \sup_{z\in A_{i}}\left\{\frac{\Abs{P_{i}(z)}}{\delta_{i}}\right\} + \sup_{z\in A_{k}}\left\{\frac{\Abs{P_{k}(z)}}{\delta_{k}}\right\} + \sup_{z\in A_{n}}\left\{\frac{\Abs{P_{n}(z)}}{\delta_{n}}\right\}
\end{align*}
\end{document}

enter image description here

1
  • 1
    You might need a small neg space \! before aligned in order to counteract the small space introduced by aligned itself. (I'm in nitpicking mood :-))
    – campa
    Commented Dec 17, 2015 at 13:41
5

A quick and simple solution is to use \phantom{} for the second row:

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{mathtools}
\usepackage{amssymb}
\newcommand*{\PartialConj}{\ensuremath{\bar{\partial}}}
\newcommand*{\Abs}[1]{\ensuremath{\left\lvert #1\right\rvert}}
\begin{document}

\begin{align*}
\Abs{\PartialConj F(z)}
              &\leqslant \Abs{\chi'\left(\frac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{i}}^{2}}{\delta_{i}^{2}}\right)}\cdot\frac{\Abs{P_{i}(z)}}{\delta_{i}} + \Abs{\chi'\left(\frac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{k}}^{2}}{\delta_{k}^{2}}\right)}\cdot\frac{\Abs{P_{k}(z)}}{\delta_{k}} \\
              & \,\phantom{\leqslant \Abs{\chi'\left(\frac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{i}}^{2}}{\delta_{i}^{2}}\right)}\cdot\frac{\Abs{P_{i}(z)}}{\delta_{i}}}\, 
                + \Abs{\chi'\left(\frac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{n}}^{2}}{\delta_{n}^{2}}\right)}\cdot\frac{\Abs{P_{n}(z)}}{\delta_{n}}\\
               &\lesssim \sup_{z\in A_{i}}\left\{\frac{\Abs{P_{i}(z)}}{\delta_{i}}\right\} + \sup_{z\in A_{k}}\left\{\frac{\Abs{P_{k}(z)}}{\delta_{k}}\right\} + \sup_{z\in A_{n}}\left\{\frac{\Abs{P_{n}(z)}}{\delta_{n}}\right\}
\end{align*}

\end{document}

enter image description here

5

Not really easy, but doable, with the help of a variant of my macro \Cen from https://tex.stackexchange.com/a/209732/4427

There's a small catch: the width of a subscript k is not the same as for n, so we need a trick.

I also improved the appearance and the input of those expressions with commands from mathtools; don't abuse \left and \right: as you'll see, the sizes of the delimiters are better here.

\documentclass[a4paper,titlepage]{article}
\usepackage{amsmath,amssymb,mathtools,calc}

\newcommand*{\PartialConj}{\bar{\partial}}
\DeclarePairedDelimiter{\Abs}{\lvert}{\rvert}
\DeclarePairedDelimiter{\Paren}{(}{)}
\DeclarePairedDelimiter{\Brace}{\{}{\}}

\makeatletter
\newcommand{\Shove}[3][c]{%
  \ifmeasuring@
    #3%
  \else
    \makebox[\ifcase\expandafter #2\maxcolumn@widths\fi][#1]{$\displaystyle{#3}$}%
  \fi
}
\makeatother

% a subscript k as wide as n
\newcommand{\kn}{{\mathmakebox[\widthof{$\scriptstyle n$}]{k}}}

\begin{document}

\begin{align*}
\Abs{\PartialConj F(z)}
  & \leqslant \Abs[\bigg]{\chi'\Paren[\bigg]{\frac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{i}}^{2}}{\delta_{i}^{2}}}}
              \cdot
              \frac{\Abs{P_{i}(z)}}{\delta_{i}}
              + \Abs[\bigg]{\chi'\Paren[\bigg]{\frac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{\kn}}^{2}}{\delta_{k}^{2}}}}
              \cdot
              \frac{\Abs{P_{\kn}(z)}}{\delta_{k}} \\
  &\Shove[r]{2}{
     {}+      \Abs[\bigg]{\chi'\Paren[\bigg]{\frac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{n}}^{2}}{\delta_{n}^{2}}}}
              \cdot
              \frac{\Abs{P_{n}(z)}}{\delta_{n}}
   }\\
  & \lesssim  \sup_{z\in A_{i}}\Brace[\bigg]{\frac{\Abs{P_{i}(z)}}{\delta_{i}}}
              + \sup_{z\in A_{k}}\Brace[\bigg]{\frac{\Abs{P_{k}(z)}}{\delta_{k}}}
              + \sup_{z\in A_{n}}\Brace[\bigg]{\frac{\Abs{P_{n}(z)}}{\delta_{n}}}
\end{align*}

\end{document}

enter image description here

Compare it with a more standard way

\documentclass[a4paper,titlepage]{article}
\usepackage{amsmath,amssymb,mathtools,calc}

\newcommand*{\PartialConj}{\bar{\partial}}
\DeclarePairedDelimiter{\Abs}{\lvert}{\rvert}
\DeclarePairedDelimiter{\Paren}{(}{)}
\DeclarePairedDelimiter{\Brace}{\{}{\}}

\makeatletter
\newcommand{\Shove}[3][c]{%
  \ifmeasuring@
    #3%
  \else
    \makebox[\ifcase\expandafter #2\maxcolumn@widths\fi][#1]{$\displaystyle{#3}$}%
  \fi
}
\makeatother

\newcommand{\kn}{{\mathmakebox[\widthof{$\scriptstyle n$}]{k}}}

\begin{document}

\begin{align*}
\Abs{\PartialConj F(z)}
  & \leqslant \Abs[\bigg]{\chi'\Paren[\bigg]{\frac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{i}}^{2}}{\delta_{i}^{2}}}}
              \cdot
              \frac{\Abs{P_{i}(z)}}{\delta_{i}}
              + \Abs[\bigg]{\chi'\Paren[\bigg]{\frac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{\kn}}^{2}}{\delta_{k}^{2}}}}
              \cdot
              \frac{\Abs{P_{\kn}(z)}}{\delta_{k}} \\
   &  \qquad{}+      \Abs[\bigg]{\chi'\Paren[\bigg]{\frac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{n}}^{2}}{\delta_{n}^{2}}}}
              \cdot
              \frac{\Abs{P_{n}(z)}}{\delta_{n}}\\[1ex]
  & \lesssim  \sup_{z\in A_{i}}\Brace[\bigg]{\frac{\Abs{P_{i}(z)}}{\delta_{i}}}
              + \sup_{z\in A_{k}}\Brace[\bigg]{\frac{\Abs{P_{k}(z)}}{\delta_{k}}}
              + \sup_{z\in A_{n}}\Brace[\bigg]{\frac{\Abs{P_{n}(z)}}{\delta_{n}}}
\end{align*}

\end{document}

enter image description here

4

Quick and dirty but seems to do the trick:

\documentclass[a4paper,titlepage]{article}
\usepackage{mathtools,amssymb}
\newcommand*{\PartialConj}{\ensuremath{\bar{\partial}}}
\newcommand*{\Abs}[1]{\ensuremath{\left\lvert #1\right\rvert}}
\begin{document}
\begin{align*}
\Abs{\PartialConj F(z)} & 
                \begin{array}[t]{ll}
                \leqslant \Abs{\chi'\left(\frac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{i}}^{2}}{\delta_{i}^{2}}\right)}\cdot\frac{\Abs{P_{i}(z)}}{\delta_{i}} 
                + \Abs{\chi'\left(\frac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{k}}^{2}}{\delta_{k}^{2}}\right)}\cdot\frac{\Abs{P_{k}(z)}}{\delta_{k}} \\
                \hfill+ \Abs{\chi'\left(\frac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{n}}^{2}}{\delta_{n}^{2}}\right)}\cdot\frac{\Abs{P_{n}(z)}}{\delta_{n}} \\
                \end{array}\\
                        & \lesssim \sup_{z\in A_{i}}\left\{\frac{\Abs{P_{i}(z)}}{\delta_{i}}\right\} + \sup_{z\in A_{k}}\left\{\frac{\Abs{P_{k}(z)}}{\delta_{k}}\right\} + \sup_{z\in A_{n}}\left\{\frac{\Abs{P_{n}(z)}}{\delta_{n}}\right\}
\end{align*}
\end{document}

enter image description here

3

And one more solution, employing array, however slightly on different way as Denis do:

\documentclass{article}
    \usepackage{amssymb,mathtools}
\newcommand*{\PartialConj}{\ensuremath{\bar{\partial}}}
\newcommand*{\Abs}[1]{\ensuremath{\left\lvert #1\right\rvert}}

    \begin{document}
\begin{align*}
\Abs{\PartialConj F(z)}
    &   \setlength{\arraycolsep}{1pt}
        \begin{array}[t]{ll}
        \leqslant \Abs{\chi'\left(\frac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{i}}^{2}}{\delta_{i}^{2}}\right)}
                            \cdot\frac{\Abs{P_{i}(z)}}{\delta_{i}} 
        &   +     \Abs{\chi'\left(\frac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{k}}^{2}}{\delta_{k}^{2}}\right)}
                            \cdot\frac{\Abs{P_{k}(z)}}{\delta_{k}} \\[1.5ex]
        &   +     \Abs{\chi'\left(\frac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{n}}^{2}}{\delta_{n}^{2}}\right)}
                            \cdot\frac{\Abs{P_{n}(z)}}{\delta_{n}}
        \end{array}\\
    &   \lesssim \sup_{z\in A_{i}}\left\{\frac{\Abs{P_{i}(z)}}{\delta_{i}}\right\} 
            + \sup_{z\in A_{k}}\left\{\frac{\Abs{P_{k}(z)}}{\delta_{k}}\right\} 
            + \sup_{z\in A_{n}}\left\{\frac{\Abs{P_{n}(z)}}{\delta_{n}}\right\}
 \end{align*}
    \end{document}

enter image description here

Edit: By added \setlength{\arraycolsep}{1pt} before \begin{array} I fine adjust spaces between array parts.

0

Very easy to fix by making a right-aligned stack of the first two lines (and changing the \fracs to \dfracs).

\documentclass[a4paper,titlepage]{article}
\usepackage{amsmath,amssymb,stackengine}
\def\stackalignment{r}
\stackMath
\newcommand*{\PartialConj}{\ensuremath{\bar{\partial}}}
\newcommand*{\Abs}[1]{\ensuremath{\left\lvert #1\right\rvert}}
\begin{document}
\begin{align*}
\Abs{\PartialConj F(z)}
                & \leqslant
\stackunder[5pt]{
  \Abs{\chi'\left(\dfrac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{i}}^{2}}{\delta_{i}^{2}}\right)}\cdot\dfrac{\Abs{P_{i}(z)}}{\delta_{i}} + \Abs{\chi'\left(\dfrac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{k}}^{2}}{\delta_{k}^{2}}\right)}\cdot\dfrac{\Abs{P_{k}(z)}}{\delta_{k}}
}{
  + \Abs{\chi'\left(\dfrac{\Abs{z-\alpha_{n}}^{2}}{\delta_{n}^{2}}\right)}\cdot\dfrac{\Abs{P_{n}(z)}}{\delta_{n}}
} \\
                & \lesssim \sup_{z\in A_{i}}\left\{\frac{\Abs{P_{i}(z)}}{\delta_{i}}\right\} + \sup_{z\in A_{k}}\left\{\frac{\Abs{P_{k}(z)}}{\delta_{k}}\right\} + \sup_{z\in A_{n}}\left\{\frac{\Abs{P_{n}(z)}}{\delta_{n}}\right\}
\end{align*}
\end{document}

enter image description here

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .