# Hanging indent for bibliography items

Just wondering, how would I reproduce this indentation formalism for certain scientific Journals:

Currently for the following LaTeX input

Draine, B. T., 2003, ARA\&A, 41, 241\\
Dufour, R. J. 1984, in IAU Symp. 108, Structure and Evolution of the Magellanic
Clouds, ed. S. van den Bergh \& K. S. de Boer (Dordrecht: Reidel), 353\\
Fitzpatrick, E. L., 1986, AJ, 92 , 1068\\
Fitzpatrick, E. L., 1999, PASP, 111, 63\\


I am seeing this:

Would be nice to see a little indentation going on for the Dufour reference. Any pro tips would be warmly welcomed!

• It's really not ideal to format bibliography elements by hand. You should use natbib+bibtex or biblatex+biber. See bibtex vs. biber and biblatex vs. natbib for the differences and What to do to switch to biblatex? and biblatex in a nutshell (for beginners). If you insist on doing this manually, you should at least use the bibliography and \bibitem syntax that is standard with LaTeX. – Alan Munn Jan 18 '16 at 15:43
• @AlanMunn Hi Alan. Of course yes it would be much easier, but I'm writing a very small article to be aimed at undergraduates so it was a little easier for me to copy and paste references is as needed. – user3125347 Jan 18 '16 at 15:53
• ok. So then use the hanging package. – Alan Munn Jan 18 '16 at 15:53

### Disclaimer

Please note (for others who may read this) that this is not the recommended way to format a bibliography, but in a pinch, it does what you want.

### Manually creating hanging paragraphs

The hanging package provides a hangparas environment that can do what you want. Notice I've removed the trailing \\ from your code. \\ should not be used to create new paragraphs.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{hanging}
\begin{document}
\begin{hangparas}{.25in}{1}
Draine, B. T., 2003, ARA\&A, 41, 241

Dufour, R. J. 1984, in IAU Symp. 108, Structure and Evolution of the Magellanic Clouds, ed. S. van den Bergh \& K. S. de Boer (Dordrecht: Reidel), 353

Fitzpatrick, E. L., 1986, AJ, 92 , 1068

Fitzpatrick, E. L., 1999, PASP, 111, 63
\end{hangparas}
\end{document}


• Wonderful. I wasted full one day to ponder the idea of putting bibliography with hanging second line. I failed. But succeeded with hangpara command. Thanks – Narayan Pradhan Jul 25 '20 at 8:05
• And what is the recommended way? – A4L Oct 12 '20 at 16:59
• @A4L You should store your references in a .bib file and use a bibliography package like natbib or biblatex to do the formatting. See my comments on the question. – Alan Munn Oct 12 '20 at 17:01