# How to create empty item in list?

So far my list looks like this:

I want to get rid of "item 1" and have a blank there. Except when I delete "item 1" my sublist moves up like so:

How can I format my list so that I can have a blank instead of "item 1"?

My latex code:

\begin{enumerate}

\item item 1

\begin{enumerate}
\item sub list 1
\item sub list 2
\item sub list 3

\end{enumerate}

\end{enumerate}


## 3 Answers

You only need to remove spaces before nested enumerate.

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage[a4paper,showframe]{geometry}

\begin{document}
\begin{enumerate}
\item%
\begin{enumerate}
\item sub list 1
\item sub list 2
\item sub list 3
\end{enumerate}
\end{enumerate}
\end{document}


Edit: Mico noted , that I misunderstand the question :-( His and Boris solution is than correct, not mine. As an alternative to \quad you can use invisible character ~:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\usepackage[a4paper,showframe]{geometry}

\begin{document}
\begin{enumerate}
\item ~
\begin{enumerate}
\item sub list 1
\item sub list 2
\item sub list 3
\end{enumerate}
\end{enumerate}
\end{document}


which gives what you like to obtain:

• I think the OP wants to preserve the empty line after "1.". Your answer currently does not. – Mico Feb 4 '16 at 19:28
• Probably, then I misunderstand the question. I read it again, you have right! – Zarko Feb 4 '16 at 19:33

Try this:

\begin{enumerate}
\item \leavevmode
\begin{enumerate}
\item sub list 1
\item sub list 2
\item sub list 3
\end{enumerate}
\end{enumerate}


(see The TeXbook for the discussion of \leavevmode for switching from the 'vertical mode')

• Hmmm. Please post the complete mwe – Boris Feb 4 '16 at 19:31
• I'd recommend \mbox{} instead. It's true that \leavevmode is useful in some cases, but it should not land in the body of the document if possible. Explicitly, I mean, not from within a macro. – egreg Feb 4 '16 at 21:23

Just replace item \#1 with \quad. :-)

\documentclass{article}

\begin{document}

\begin{enumerate}
\item \quad
\begin{enumerate}
\item sub list 1
\item sub list 2
\item sub list 3
\end{enumerate}
\end{enumerate}

\end{document}

• I'm sorry, I misunderstand the question. See edit of my answer. I erase my previous comment! – Zarko Feb 4 '16 at 19:39