I have a folder, say C:\example\paper with a bib-file C:\example\1.bib.

I also have a tex file C:\example\paper\main.tex where I would like to put a link to 1.bib. I can put the whole path, of course, but I wonder if there is a method to put link for a parent folder C:\example from its subfolder C:\example\paper?

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    On a Unix system \bibliography{../1} works; it should also on Windows. – egreg Sep 22 '11 at 9:39
  • Which Windows version and which filesystem (NTFS or FAT) are you using? – Martin Scharrer Sep 22 '11 at 9:40
  • I use Windows 7 with NTFS. @egreg, your example works, thanks. Will you write it as an answer? – Ilya Sep 22 '11 at 11:29
  • Also auxiliary generated previously should be cleaned before compiling the tex file again. Or you may get the error message that the bib file can not be found. – jdhao Feb 20 '17 at 12:55

One can refer to the parent folder by ../ both on Unix systems and in Windows; therefore


will work for the bibliography file 1.bib that resides in the parent folder.

Note that paths on Windows are expressed with \, but for TeX related programs the slash / works in its place and is of course preferable.

| improve this answer | |
  • It is strange but this method of relative addressing stopped working when I moved to WinEdt 10.3 although it still works with WinEdt 9. MikTeX 2.9 is used on same laptop in both cases. – Igor Kotelnikov Dec 29 '19 at 8:27
  • @IgorKotelnikov I've never used WinEdt, sorry. – egreg Dec 30 '19 at 21:22

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