# wrapfigure at the bottom - no white space below wrapfigure

I want to place some figures at the left or right side of my book resulting into a reduced column width for the text. So I am using wrapfigure environment with number of narrow lines of 40. By this way the figure covers the whole page. However, I want the figure to be place at the bottom and the white space above the figure. How can a realize this?

\begin{wrapfigure}[40]{O}{0.4\textwidth}
\includegraphics[width=0.4\textwidth]{Fig3-Givonis-bioclimaticchart}
\caption[Givoni's bioclimatic chart for four representative climate zones of Nepal]
{Givoni's bioclimatic chart for four representative climate zones of Nepal}
\label{fig:Fig3-Givonis-bioclimaticchart}
\end{wrapfigure}


• Read here – Enrico Maria De Angelis Feb 11 '16 at 16:52
• If you are doing this on every page or most pages the flowfram package may be worth exploring. – Aubrey Blumsohn Feb 11 '16 at 16:58
• – Alenanno Feb 11 '16 at 16:58
• The wrapfigue package isn't set up to delay the start of the figure, or even start in the middle of a paragraph. You can achieve this effect using hanging indentation, but it will take some trial an error. – John Kormylo Feb 11 '16 at 17:48
• Thanks a lot for all the comments and ideas. @AubreyBlumsohn, I am trying to work with flowframe figure but I cannot find approriate example for my case. How would the flowframe definition look like for this pages? – Xandrika Ha Feb 12 '16 at 10:12

If you make the \parbox any taller, it won't fit on the page.

\documentclass{book}
\usepackage{wrapfig}
\usepackage{mwe}

\begin{document}
\setcounter{page}{2}
\begin{wrapfigure}{O}{0.4\textwidth}
\parbox[b][\dimexpr \textheight-\baselineskip][b]{0.4\textwidth}{%
\includegraphics[width=0.4\textwidth,height=0.6\textheight]{example-image}
\caption{caption}}
\end{wrapfigure}

\lipsum[1-4]
\end{document}


An alternative is to use paracol.

\documentclass{book}
\usepackage{paracol}
\usepackage{caption}
\usepackage{mwe}

\begin{document}
\setcounter{page}{2}
\setcolumnwidth{{\dimexpr 0.6\textwidth-\columnsep},0.4\textwidth}
\twosided[c]
\begin{paracol}{2}
\sloppy
\lipsum[1-4]
\switchcolumn
\vspace*{\fill}
\noindent\includegraphics[width=0.4\textwidth,height=0.6\textheight]{example-image}
\captionof{figure}{caption}
\newpage
\end{paracol}
\end{document}


This approach uses tikzpagenodes to place the image at the bottom of the page. Each paragraph has to be tested for overlap and adjusted. Move the text up or down and you have to do it all over again.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{caption}
\usepackage{tikzpagenodes}
\usepackage{mwe}

\newlength{\overlap}

\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[remember picture,overlay]
\node[above right,inner sep=0pt] at (current page text area.south west) {%
\begin{minipage}{0.4\textwidth}
\includegraphics[width=\textwidth,height=4.5in]{example-image}
\captionof{figure}{caption}
\end{minipage}};
\end{tikzpicture}

\overlap=\dimexpr 0.4\textwidth + \columnsep\relax% for example

\lipsum[1]% no overlap
\hangindent=\overlap
\hangafter=3
\lipsum[2]% 3 lines before overlap
\leftskip=\overlap
\lipsum[3]% paragraph completely overlapped
\leftskip=0pt
\hangindent=\overlap
\hangafter=-5
\lipsum[4]% 5 lines vefore end of page
\end{document}


• Thanks @JohnKormylo. But I want to have the space above the figure as white space (NO TEXT). So, maybe tikzpagenodes is not the right approach to the problem? – Xandrika Ha Feb 12 '16 at 10:10