6

I'm using the code provided by Mark Wibrow (Text spirals with TikZ) to generate a spiral text that I could include as a front cover to a report.

The below code works perfectly fine when using latin characters. However, I need to be able to write greek text. How can I adapt/fix this code to allow greek writing?

\documentclass[tikz,border=5]{standalone}

\usepackage{ucs}
\usepackage[utf8x]{inputenc}
\usepackage[english, greek]{babel}

\newcommand{\en}{\selectlanguage{english}}
\newcommand{\gr}{\selectlanguage{greek}}

\usetikzlibrary{decorations.text}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[
  decoration={
    reverse path,
    text effects along path,
    text={Κείμενο στα ελληνικά.}, %text in greek 
    text effects/.cd,
      text along path,
      character count=\i, character total=\n,
      characters={scale=1-\i/\n}
    }
]
\draw [decorate] (0,0) 
    \foreach \i [evaluate={\r=(\i/2000)^2;}] in {0,5,...,2880}{ -- (\i:\r)}; 
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

I should mention that I included two new commands for switching language more easily plus the usual Babel package to enable greek writing.

  • If I put Latin characters in the text field, it prints them as Greek characters, so this suggests that the problem is how tikz is processing the Unicode text. I tried putting the Greek text in a macro and then putting the macro in the text field; that just printed the Greek text one time, not in a spiral. – musarithmia Feb 16 '16 at 18:54
  • @AndrewCashner I also tried these options and came up with the same results/problems. I can't find any solution for writing greek text. – Von Kar Feb 16 '16 at 18:58
10

As an ignorant monolingual British English speaker, my experience with dealing with non-English fonts and the babel package in LaTeX is pretty much zero, so I have no idea how practical/useful this solution is. Also, I'm not sure the characters are counted correctly. It needs to be complied with lualatex or xelatex.

\documentclass[tikz,border=5]{standalone}
\usepackage{fontspec}
% Select appropriate font
\setmainfont{TeX Gyre Pagella}

\usetikzlibrary{decorations.text}
\begin{document}  
\begin{tikzpicture}[
  decoration={
    reverse path,
    text effects along path,
    text={%
Βρυτε λεγερε συ μει. Φιμ συ αλτερα εριπυιτ σενσιβυς. 
Ατ δεσωρε αλικυαμ εαμ. Ιυς αν θιμεαμ ομιθταντυρ, 
ετ μολεστιε σορρυμπιθ εαμ, σινθ αδμοδυμ φιερενθ αδ πρι.
Φελ συ πυτανθ φιθυπεραθα, αεκυε ερρεμ ευμ συ. Νο ευισμοδ 
μενθιτυμ πραεσενθ νες, πρω ελιγενδι σοτιδιεκυε σωνσλυδαθυρκυε ιν. 
Ιδ μεα δισιθ φολυπθατιβυς. Ηομερω ρεπρεχενδυντ μελ νε, 
αθκυι μελιυς προδεσεθ αν μει. Πρι ει δωσενδι νεγλεγενθυρ, 
κυαεστιο ρεπριμικυε ατ φελ.
}, %text in greek 
    text effects/.cd,
      text along path,
      character count=\i, character total=\n,
      characters={scale=1-\i/\n}
    }
]
\path [decorate]  (0,0)
   \foreach \i [evaluate={\r=(\i/2000)^2;}] in {0,5,...,2880}{ -- (\i:\r)}; 
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

enter image description here

  • Works like a charm for my needs! Thank you very much! – Von Kar Feb 16 '16 at 20:55
3

(As I was posting this, I see there's a Lua-/XeTeX solution, which I would prefer. However, here's a pdfTeX method.)

Remember each letter (in this type of TikZ picture) is typeset in its own \hbox, which allows for many effects, but comes at a cost. The Greek characters are also a problem, which I can't explain.

But you can use the older method of transliteration. Just make sure you wrap up the multi-character glyphs just as you would with other accents (e.g., {\"u}ber). Note that this \hbox method seems to make sigma be considered as a final-sigma, which you can 'fix' by grouping it:

\documentclass[tikz,border=5]{standalone}

\usepackage{ucs}
\usepackage[utf8x]{inputenc}
% Also works with these
%\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
%\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[english, greek]{babel}

\newcommand{\en}{\selectlanguage{english}}
\newcommand{\gr}{\selectlanguage{greek}}

\usetikzlibrary{decorations.text}


\begin{document}
 \selectlanguage{greek}

\begin{tikzpicture}[
  decoration={
    reverse path,
    text effects along path,
%    text={Κε{ί}μενο στα ελληνικ{ά}.}, %text in greek
    text={Ke{'i}meno {sta} ellhnik{'a}.},
    text effects/.cd,
      text along path,
      character count=\i, character total=\n,
      characters={scale=1-\i/\n}
    }
]
\draw [decorate] (0,0)
    \foreach \i [evaluate={\r=(\i/2000)^2;}] in {0,5,...,2880}{ -- (\i:\r)};
\end{tikzpicture}

% Something a little more elaborate...
\begin{tikzpicture}[
  decoration={%
    reverse path, %
    text effects along path, %
%    text={Κε{ί}μενο στα ελληνικ{ά}.}, %text in greek
    text={{<H}dona{`i} ka{`i} l{~u}pai f{'o}boi te ka{`i} j{'a}rrh
      {>e}pijum{'i}ai te ka{`i} {>a}postpofa{`i} ka{`i} t{`o}
      {>a}lge{~i}n t{'i}nos {>`a}n {e>~ien}?  {>`H} g{`a}r yuq{~h}s,
      {>`h} qrwm{'e}nhs fuq{~h}s {s'w}mati, {>`h} tr{'i}tou tin{`o}s
      {>ex} {>a}mfo{~i}n.
 % Diq~ws d`e ka`i to~uto; >`h g`ar t`o m~igma, >`h >`allo <'eteron
 % >ek to~u m'igmatos.  <Omo'iws d`e ka`i t`a >ek to'utwn t~wn
 % pajhm'atwn gin'omena ka`i pratt'omena ka`i doxaz'omena.
}, %
    text effects/.cd, %
      text along path, %
      character count=\i, character total=\n, %
      characters={scale=1-\i/\n} %
    }
]
\draw [decorate] (0,0) \foreach \i [evaluate={\r=(\i/2000)^2;}] in
{0,5,...,2880}{ -- (\i:\r)};
\end{tikzpicture}

\end{document}

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