how to solve this problem? I tried to change the font size and text width and none helped
I'd simply transpose the table - columns for the four forces, their properties in separate rows. You probably don't need the word 'force' in "Weak nuclear" and "Strong nuclear". And please (please!) use Formal Style for your tables - that's an option in Table Settings dialog.
you can change the font size to smallest. and you can change the columns width by right button in the mouse ( on the table ).