# vspace not working after linebreak

For this minimal example

\documentclass{article}
\begin{document}
\noindent
Hallo \\
How \\
Are \\
\vspace{15cm}You?
\end{document}


There is no vertical space created between the word Are and You. How can I add vertical space between them? Using \vspace* did not work either.

• Just leave an empty line after Are and remove the \\ – user31729 Apr 1 '16 at 13:21
• You might want to use \\[15cm], but you're misusing the tool anyway. There is very rarely need for \\ in normal text. – egreg Apr 1 '16 at 13:23
• You could also use \par instead of \\ after "Are". – A Feldman Apr 1 '16 at 13:25
• @egreg actually I tried '\vspace[15cm]You?' and it seemed to work, and I have no idea why. – A Feldman Apr 1 '16 at 13:41

\vspace if used mid paragraph, as here, stores the vertical space in a special place (a vadjust node) which is then inserted after the paragraph has been broken into lines, after the line on which the space is added. in your example the \vspace is added in the last line of the paragraph so the space comes after the paragraph. Compare

\documentclass{article}
\begin{document}
\noindent
Hallo \\
How \\
Are \\
You?

xxxxx

\noindent
Hallo \\
How \\
Are \\
\vspace{15cm}You?

xxxxx
\end{document}


to add a space at the linebreak you should use

\\[3cm]


but it is almost always wrong to use \\ at all apart from its use in tables.

In cases like this, I write

a lot of stuff I write\\
a new line\\
\vspace{15cm} \ \\     % the \ is necessary, otherwise you will get a no-line-to-end-error.
You


\vspace and \hspace are very sensitive to new lines (\\) and new paragraphs (double linefeed). Changing vspace to \vspace* is also always a good first try.

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