# Bibliography contents (Journal names) not abbreviated even with IEEEabrv

I am using the following syntax, with no errors or warnings. However, the journal names are still not abbreviated. I compiled the file numerous times, as well as the bibliography. Everything compiles with no errors.

The syntax:

\bibliographystyle{IEEEtran}
\bibliography{IEEEabrv,references}


Additional info: I am using BibDesk and TeXStudio on a macbook.

Do you have any idea what might be the issue? and how to solve it? Thank you.

Edit:

Example entry from the IEEEabrv file:

@STRING{IEEE\_M\_COM        = "{IEEE} Commun. Mag."}


Example entry from my references file:

@article{dai:2015,
Author = {Test, T.},
Journal = {IEEE\_M\_COM },
Month = {September}
}

• Please show us (a) a couple of representative bib entries in references.bib and (b) both the actual and desired forms of the journal names. In particular, do your bib entries contain fields such as journal = IEEE_J_AC or, rather, journal = "{IEEE} Transactions on Automatic Control"?
– Mico
Apr 10 '16 at 9:18
• If you want to use the abbreviation, you should have journal=IEEE_M_COM, (no braces and no backslashes). Apr 10 '16 at 11:05
• @egreg but then I get the "missing \$ inserted" error because of the underscores Apr 10 '16 at 11:06
• Apr 10 '16 at 11:06
• @Mico I added an example. The IEEEabrv file is compiled/loaded first then my references file. So it should work. Any thoughts why it isn't working? Apr 10 '16 at 11:07

A predefined string should not be inside braces; you must use it literally, in this case with no backslash. TeX won't see the underscores, because BibTeX will do the substitution.

\begin{filecontents*}{\jobname.bib}
@article{dai:2015,
Author = {Test, T.},
Journal = IEEE_M_COM,
Month = {September}
}
\end{filecontents*}

\documentclass{article}

\begin{document}

\cite{dai:2015}

\bibliographystyle{IEEEtran}
\bibliography{IEEEabrv,\jobname}

\end{document}


I used filecontents just for the convenience of a self-contained example. Fix your references.bib file and use that.