I am using the paragraph section head, i.e.,

\paragraph{This is a cool paragraph} 

I would like it to compile with numbering. If I change the secnumdepth (i.e., \setcounter{secnumdepth}{4}) this will work, but produce the "wrong" type of numbering, i.e., This is a cool paragraph This is another cool paragraph etc.

What I would like is

1 This is a cool paragraph

2 This is another cool paragraph

or, if not,

1.1 This is a cool paragraph

1.2 This is another cool paragraph

where the first 1 indicates the section number and suppresses the subsection and subsubsection numbers. Can this be done?

  • 4
    \paragraph is a 4th level heading and should only be used in the sequence section,subsection,subsubsection,paragraph. You should either use \section for top level sections or itemize and \item Apr 19, 2016 at 19:34
  • 3
    having said that, \renewcommand\theparagraph{\arabic{paragraph}} will get rid of all the prefixed numbers Apr 19, 2016 at 19:41
  • I think the OP just wants to suppress the unwanted numbers, but uses the hierarchy in the usual way. Apr 19, 2016 at 19:54
  • 1
    Isn't this the same problem? Apr 19, 2016 at 20:53
  • @AlexNelson: Yup. Apr 20, 2016 at 8:25

2 Answers 2


Here's an enumitem way instead of \paragraph. The paragraphlisti counter is reset by each subsubsection step (if such levels are used at all)

David Carlisle's comment about \renewcommand{\theparagraph}{\arabic{paragraph}} is of course the easiest way!




\setlist[paragraphlist,1]{leftmargin=*,label={\bfseries \arabic*}}




\subsection{Foo sub}

\subsubsection{Foo subsub}


\item New Paragraph

\item Other Paragraph


\subsection{Bar sub}

\subsubsection{Bar subsub}


\item New Paragraph

\item Other Paragraph


enter image description here


In the article class the hierarchy of levels is \section -> \subsection -> \subsubsection -> \paragraph. Paragraphs don't get numbers.

In the book class the hierarchy of levels is \chapter -> \section -> \subsection -> \subsubsection -> \paragraph

If you want to use custom numbering for paragraphs, call their values and edit their counters. i .e.

\paragraph{\arabic{paragraph} New Paragraph}
Text here
\paragraph{\arabic{paragraph} Other Paragraph}
Text here

But this is doing it by force and is not recommended. It misses the purpose of LaTeX.

In your case, try:

\arabic{section} .\arabic{paragraph}

Make sure, that all counters have to correct value.

  • Since the section counters are increased before the title is typeset, this will eventually print 2 New Paragraph and not what you thought, most likely, followed by 4 Other Paragraph -- the counter values are wrong here!
    – user31729
    Apr 19, 2016 at 20:10
  • @ChristianHupfer Only if you use secnumdepth=4. I tried it with no change to secnumdepth (3) and it gave the correct result. Apr 19, 2016 at 20:14
  • Yes, but only because secnumdepth=3 excludes the automatic stepping of the paragraph counter, as can be seen in the definition of \@sect
    – user31729
    Apr 19, 2016 at 20:21

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