# How are the footnotes numbered?

How are the footnotes normally numbered? In a document I have inserted only one footnote and its number is 5.

Is this normal? Is there a convention as to how should a footnote be numbered according to typographical (or other) rules? If not how do I fix it?

The document is based on this template.

\documentclass{llncs}

\usepackage{lipsum}

\begin{document}

\title{Title}

\author{Author 1\inst{1}, Author 2\inst{2}, Author 3\inst{3}, Author 4\inst{4}, \and Author 5\inst{1} }

\institute{Institute 1
\and
Institute 2
\and
Institute 3
\and
Institute 4}

\maketitle

\begin{abstract}

\lipsum[1]

\end{abstract}

\keywords{Keyword 1, Keyword 2}

\section{Title}

Text\footnote{Explanation} here.

\end{document}

• No, that's not 'normal', i.e. it should not start with 5. Looks like you (or a package) have screwed up the footnote counter.... Without your document it's hard to tell – user31729 May 3 '16 at 21:40
• At any given point in your document you can set \thefootnote and see the value of the footnote counter. Perhaps that'll give you an indication where something is going wrong. It may be that you (or some package) used the footnote counter for something other that footnotes. – Werner May 3 '16 at 21:49
• @Adam: \inst command provides the footnote superscripts in your author list. Apparently, the footnote counter is not reset afterwards. This looks like a bug. – user31729 May 3 '16 at 22:50

At the end of \maketitle command, the footnote counter is set to the value of \fnnstart, which in turn is set in \institutename.

However, the value is wrong at the time of \maketitle.

Here's a small patch that replaces \fnnstart with 0.

\documentclass{llncs}

\usepackage{lipsum}

\usepackage{xpatchcmd}

\xpatchcmd{\maketitle}{%
\setcounter{footnote}{\fnnstart}%
}{%
\setcounter{footnote}{0}%
}{}{}

\begin{document}

\title{Title}

\author{Author 1\inst{1}, Author 2\inst{2}, Author 3\inst{3}, Author 4\inst{4}, \and Author 5\inst{1} }

\institute{Institute 1
\and
Institute 2
\and
Institute 3
\and
Institute 4}

\maketitle

\begin{abstract}

\lipsum[1]

\end{abstract}

\keywords{Keyword 1, Keyword 2}

\section{Title}

Text\footnote{Explanation} here.

\end{document}

• Probably hacking \maketitle is better. – egreg May 3 '16 at 22:55
• @egreg: I am just looking into the code – user31729 May 3 '16 at 22:56
• @egreg: Yes, right at the start, but at the end it's \setcounter{footnote}{\fnnstart}% – user31729 May 3 '16 at 23:02
• It seems to be a precise choice of the class: if there's only one institution, it is not numbered. Otherwise the footnotes go on from the last institution number. – egreg May 3 '16 at 23:05
• @egreg: I found that too, in the meantime. I provided the patch anyway. If this is 'class' evil doing, it will be rejected anyway. I find this 'design' weird, however – user31729 May 3 '16 at 23:08