# How to remove extra blank line after one entry of bibliography (I am using apacite)

I am using apacite and BibTeX to create my bibliography / reference section. However, after one of the entries, there is an extra blank line. If I remove one character that is on the last line of the entry above the blank line, the line goes away, but I need to keep all characters. Also, this isn't the first time I have had this happen to me, so I would like to find a way to solve it automatically (programmatically).

Here is what I am doing:

\documentclass[12pt, man]{apa6}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\usepackage{amsfonts}
\usepackage{amssymb}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{placeins}
\usepackage{pdflscape}
\usepackage{dcolumn}
\usepackage [english]{babel}
\usepackage [autostyle, english = american]{csquotes}
\MakeOuterQuote{"}
\usepackage{apacite}

\author{NS}
\title{Title}
\shorttitle{Short Title}

\begin{document}

\maketitle

\section{Introduction}
This is a sentence \cite{Steif2004}.  This is another \cite{AtesCataloglu2007}. And one more \cite{Dewey1997}. Website \cite{GravityLightn.d.}.  Book section \cite{Lave1991}. Electronic book \cite{Learningn.d.}.
\medskip

\bibliographystyle{apacite}
\bibliography{test5.bib}

\end{document}


And here are the relevent portions of my .bib file.

@Article{AtesCataloglu2007,
author =  {Ates, Salih and Cataloglu, Erdat},
title =   {The effects of students' cognitive styles on conceptual understandings and problem-solving skills in introductory mechanics},
journal = {Research in Science \& Technological Education},
year =    {2007},
volume =  {25},
number =  {2},
pages =   {167-178},
doi =     {10.1080/02635140701250618}
}

@Misc{Steif2004,
author =       {Steif, Paul S.},
title =        {Initial data from a statics concept inventory},
howpublished = {Paper presented at ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition},
year =         {2004},
address =      {Salt Lake City, UT},
url =          {https://peer.asee.org/13849}
}

@Book{Dewey1997,
title =     {Experience and education},
publisher = {Touchstone},
year =      {1997},
author =    {Dewey, John},
}


Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated!!

One possibility is to add \usepackage{microtype} to your preamble (see following MWE). Another possibility is to print the bibliography only left justified with command \raggedright or better \RaggedRight (needs package ragged2e to be loaded).

MWE:

\RequirePackage{filecontents}
\begin{filecontents*}{\jobname.bib}
@Article{AtesCataloglu2007,
author =  {Ates, Salih and Cataloglu, Erdat},
title =   {The effects of students' cognitive styles on conceptual
understandings and problem-solving skills in introductory
mechanics},
journal = {Research in Science \& Technological Education},
year    = {2007},
volume =  {25},
number =  {2},
pages =   {167--178},
doi     = {10.1080/02635140701250618},
}

@Misc{Steif2004,
author =       {Steif, Paul S.},
title =        {Initial data from a statics concept inventory},
howpublished = {Paper presented at ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition},
year =         {2004},
address =      {Salt Lake City, UT},
url =          {https://peer.asee.org/13849},
}

@Book{Dewey1997,
title =     {Experience and education},
publisher = {Touchstone},
year =      {1997},
author =    {Dewey, John},
}
\end{filecontents*}

\documentclass[12pt, man]{apa6}

\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[english]{babel}
\usepackage[%
autostyle,
english = american
]{csquotes}
\MakeOuterQuote{"}

\usepackage{microtype} % <==============================================

\usepackage{amsmath}
\usepackage{amsfonts}
\usepackage{amssymb}

\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{placeins}
\usepackage{pdflscape}
\usepackage{dcolumn}

\usepackage{apacite}
\usepackage{showframe}

\author{NS}
\title{Title}
\shorttitle{Short Title}

\begin{document}

\maketitle

\section{Introduction}
This is a sentence \cite{Steif2004}.
This is another \cite{AtesCataloglu2007}.
And one more \cite{Dewey1997}.
Website %\cite{GravityLightn.d.}.  Book section \cite{Lave1991}. Electronic book \cite{Learningn.d.}.
\medskip

\bibliographystyle{apacite}
\bibliography{\jobname} % test5.bib

\end{document}


and the result:

With \RaggedRight add

\usepackage{ragged2e}


{\RaggedRight
\bibliographystyle{apacite}
\bibliography{\jobname} % test5.bib
}


to print only the bibliography left justified.

• I added the add \usepackage{microtype} and it worked perfectly! What a simple solution; thank you!
– NS13
May 9, 2016 at 19:08
• I had the same issue. The 'microtype' package did nothing for me. The RaggedRight solved it. Thank you! Jan 16, 2019 at 14:31
• @TobiasHotzenplotz i think you need to run with pdflatex, not xelatex to get this Jul 18, 2019 at 7:44