I have an equation to be written. The equation I expect to have is this one:

My aim

M &= \left\{
\sqrt{1+0.6275 \frac{l^2}{Dt} -0.003375 \frac{l^4}{D^2 t^2}} if \frac{l^2}{Dt} \leq 50 \\
0.032 \frac{l^2}{Dt} +3.293 if \frac{l^2}{Dt} > 50 
\end{array} \right.


Instead what I get is this:

My output

I don't understand why. Also, I receive an error message when I run the code:

   missing delimiter (. inserted)

even if I inserted on purpose

\right. to close it. 

What is the problem?

  • Shouldn't the \sqrt be outside of the array? I would also use \text{if} from the amsmath package instead of if.
    – Christian
    May 16 '16 at 16:23
  • 1
    Not a case of misreading but of misspelling. May 16 '16 at 16:25

You have a big error: you're missing the mandatory argument to array.

However, there are better methods to accomplish what you want.



M =
\sqrt{1+0.6275 \frac{l^2}{Dt} -0.003375 \frac{l^4}{D^2 t^2}} 
  & \text{if } \frac{l^2}{Dt} \leq 50 \\
0.032 \frac{l^2}{Dt} +3.293 & \text{if } \frac{l^2}{Dt} > 50


enter image description here

Some advice

Don't disregard compilation errors: you get several of them with that code. Don't use align for single equation displays.

  • For the record, there's also dcases* (and all the other variants) which puts the second column in text mode, writing .. & if $\frac{\ell}{Dt} \leq 50$ \\ feels more natural to me.
    – Manuel
    May 16 '16 at 20:35
  • 1
    @Manuel But this wouldn't use display style
    – egreg
    May 16 '16 at 20:36
  • I thought it would work automatically through some \everymath{\displaystyle}, but if it doesn't, then your solution is better for this particular case.
    – Manuel
    May 16 '16 at 20:44

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