3

I've been trying to use the bbold package for the indicator function but I get the following error:

Process started

This is METAFONT, Version 2.7182818 (MiKTeX 2.9 64-bit) (C:

\Users\somename\AppData\Local\MiKTeX\2.9\fonts\source\jknappen\saut

er\bbold11.m f ! I can't find file `b-bbold'. l.2 input b-bbo

ld ; Please type another input file name ! Emergency stop. l.2 input b-bbold ; Transcrip

t written on bbold11.log.

Sorry, but maketfm did not succeed.

The log file hopefully contains the information to get MiKTeX going again: C:/Users/Chris/AppData/Local/MiKTeX/2.9/miktex/log/miktex-maketfm.log You may want to visit the MiKTeX project page, if you need help.

Process exited with error(s)

The log file says:

2016-05-23 14:35:43,127+0100 INFO  makex - Making bbold11.tfm from C:\Users\somename\AppData\Local\MiKTeX\2.9\fonts\source\jknappen\sauter\bbold11.mf...
2016-05-23 14:35:43,130+0100 INFO  makex - Running miktex-mf.exe...
2016-05-23 14:35:43,281+0100 FATAL miktex-maketfm - Windows API error 2: The system cannot find the file specified.

2016-05-23 14:35:43,281+0100 FATAL miktex-maketfm - Info: existing="bbold11.tfm", new="C:\Users\somename\AppData\Local\MiKTeX\2.9\fonts/tfm/jknappen/sauter\bbold11.tfm"
2016-05-23 14:35:43,281+0100 FATAL miktex-maketfm - Source: Libraries\MiKTeX\Core\File\win\winFile.cpp
2016-05-23 14:35:43,281+0100 FATAL miktex-maketfm - Line: 308

Also:

This is pdfTeX, Version 3.14159265-2.6-1.40.16 (MiKTeX 2.9 64-bit) (preloaded format=pdflatex 2016.1.10)  23 MAY 2016 14:39
entering extended mode
**./s.tex
(s.tex
LaTeX2e <2015/10/01> patch level 2
Babel <3.9m> and hyphenation patterns for 69 languages loaded.
("C:\Users\somename\AppData\Local\Programs\MiKTeX 2.9\tex\latex\base\article.cls"
Document Class: article 2014/09/29 v1.4h Standard LaTeX document class
("C:\Users\somename\AppData\Local\Programs\MiKTeX 2.9\tex\latex\base\size11.clo"
File: size11.clo 2014/09/29 v1.4h Standard LaTeX file (size option)
)
\c@part=\count79
\c@section=\count80
\c@subsection=\count81
\c@subsubsection=\count82
\c@paragraph=\count83
\c@subparagraph=\count84
\c@figure=\count85
\c@table=\count86
\abovecaptionskip=\skip41
\belowcaptionskip=\skip42
\bibindent=\dimen102
) ("C:\Users\somename\AppData\Local\Programs\MiKTeX 2.9\tex\latex\bbold\bbold.sty"
Package: bbold 1994/04/06 Bbold symbol package
)

! LaTeX Error: Missing \begin{document}.

See the LaTeX manual or LaTeX Companion for explanation.
Type  H <return>  for immediate help.
 ...                                              

l.5 I
 f $V_i = \displaystyle\sum^\infty_{n=0}\mathbb{1}_{X_n = i}$ is the num...

You're in trouble here.  Try typing  <return>  to proceed.
If that doesn't work, type  X <return>  to quit.

LaTeX Font Info:    External font `cmex10' loaded for size
(Font)              <10.95> on input line 5.
LaTeX Font Info:    External font `cmex10' loaded for size
(Font)              <8> on input line 5.
LaTeX Font Info:    External font `cmex10' loaded for size
(Font)              <6> on input line 5.
LaTeX Font Info:    Try loading font information for U+bbold on input line 5.
("C:\Users\somename\AppData\Local\Programs\MiKTeX 2.9\tex\latex\jknappen\ubbold.fd
"
File: ubbold.fd 1996/01/01 Blackboard Bold Font Definition File (jk)
)
! Font U/bbold/m/n/10.95=bbold11 at 10.95pt not loadable: Metric (TFM) file not
 found.
<to be read again> 
               relax 
l.5 ... = \displaystyle\sum^\infty_{n=0}\mathbb{1}
                                              _{X_n = i}$ is the number ...
I wasn't able to read the size data for this font,
so I will ignore the font specification.
[Wizards can fix TFM files using TFtoPL/PLtoTF.]
You might try inserting a different font spec;
e.g., type `I\font<same font id>=<substitute font name>'.

! \textfont 4 is undefined (character 1).
l.5 ...style\sum^\infty_{n=0}\mathbb{1}_{X_n = i}$
                                               is the number of visits t...
Somewhere in the math formula just ended, you used the
stated character from an undefined font family. For example,
plain TeX doesn't allow \it or \sl in subscripts. Proceed,
and I'll try to forget that I needed that character.

! \textfont 4 is undefined (character E).
l.5 ...laystyle\sum^\infty_{n=0}\mathbb{P}(X_n=i)$
                                              .
Somewhere in the math formula just ended, you used the
stated character from an undefined font family. For example,
plain TeX doesn't allow \it or \sl in subscripts. Proceed,
and I'll try to forget that I needed that character.

! \textfont 4 is undefined (character P).
l.5 ...laystyle\sum^\infty_{n=0}\mathbb{P}(X_n=i)$
                                              .
Somewhere in the math formula just ended, you used the
stated character from an undefined font family. For example,
plain TeX doesn't allow \it or \sl in subscripts. Proceed,
and I'll try to forget that I needed that character.

[1

{C:/Users/somename/AppData/Local/MiKTeX/2.9/pdftex/config/pdftex.map}]
! I can't find file `s.aux'.
\enddocument ...keatletter \@@input \jobname .aux 
                                              \fi \@dofilelist \ifdim \f...
l.7 \end{document}

Please type another input file name
! Emergency stop.
\enddocument ...keatletter \@@input \jobname .aux 
                                              \fi \@dofilelist \ifdim \f...
l.7 \end{document}

*** (job aborted, file error in nonstop mode)


Here is how much of TeX's memory you used:
 244 strings out of 493634
 3084 string characters out of 3135239
 52604 words of memory out of 3000000
 3701 multiletter control sequences out of 15000+200000
 6746 words of font info for 25 fonts, out of 3000000 for 9000
 1025 hyphenation exceptions out of 8191
 21i,4n,19p,352b,113s stack positions out of 5000i,500n,10000p,200000b,50000s
!  ==> Fatal error occurred, no output PDF file produced!

Here's an MWE:

\documentclass[a4paper,11pt]{article}
\usepackage{bbold}
\begin{document}
If $V_i = \displaystyle\sum^\infty_{n=0}\mathbb{1}_{X_n = i}$ is the number of visits to $i$, then $\mathbb{E}[V_i] = \displaystyle\sum^\infty_{n=0}\mathbb{P}(X_n=i)$.

\end{document}
16
  • Are you sure that your system tries to create a bbold11.tfm ? Remove from your example all the unneeded packages and then compile again and show the log-file. (On my miktex your example works fine but it doesn't to use the sauter fonts). May 23, 2016 at 12:43
  • Which packages are removable? I assume that upgreek is, but I'm not sure about the others. May 23, 2016 at 12:45
  • Try it out. Remove one package, compile and if the error is still there the package wasn't necessary to demonstrate the problem. Continue with the next package. May 23, 2016 at 13:15
  • Well, I've managed to remove every package one by one and still have the error... May 23, 2016 at 13:17
  • 1
    I don't think that you really compiled the example you showed -- there is a \begin{document} missing. Beside this deinstall with the package manager the jknappen package. It contains a file which breaks the bbold fonts. May 23, 2016 at 14:33

1 Answer 1

4

Your TeX distribution is a little bit outdated and that causes your problem. Please see The following lines:

Mine system: Version 3.14159265-2.6-1.40.16 ... (preloaded format=pdflatex 2016.1.29) ...
Your system:         3.14159265-2.6-1.40.16 ... (preloaded format=pdflatex 2016.1.10) ...
%                                                                                 ^^ 

The difference is preloaded format=pdflatex 2016.1.10 to 2016.1.29

So with the following MWE (I only added some line breaks for better readability):

\documentclass[a4paper,11pt]{article}
\usepackage{bbold}
\begin{document}
If $V_i = \displaystyle\sum^\infty_{n=0}\mathbb{1}_{X_n = i}$ is the 
number of visits to $i$, then 
$\mathbb{E}[V_i] = \displaystyle\sum^\infty_{n=0}\mathbb{P}(X_n=i)$.
\end{document}

I get the following result without errors or warnings:

result of mwe above

and the log file (including \listfiles result):

This is pdfTeX, Version 3.14159265-2.6-1.40.16 (MiKTeX 2.9 64-bit) (preloaded format=pdflatex 2016.1.29)  23 MAY 2016 19:17
entering extended mode
**./311015.tex
(311015.tex
LaTeX2e <2015/10/01> patch level 2
Babel <3.9n> and hyphenation patterns for 69 languages loaded.
("C:\Program Files\MiKTeX 2.9\tex\latex\base\article.cls"
Document Class: article 2014/09/29 v1.4h Standard LaTeX document class
("C:\Program Files\MiKTeX 2.9\tex\latex\base\size11.clo"
File: size11.clo 2014/09/29 v1.4h Standard LaTeX file (size option)
)
\c@part=\count79
\c@section=\count80
\c@subsection=\count81
\c@subsubsection=\count82
\c@paragraph=\count83
\c@subparagraph=\count84
\c@figure=\count85
\c@table=\count86
\abovecaptionskip=\skip41
\belowcaptionskip=\skip42
\bibindent=\dimen102
) ("C:\Program Files\MiKTeX 2.9\tex\latex\bbold\bbold.sty"
Package: bbold 1994/04/06 Bbold symbol package
)
(311015.aux)
\openout1 = `311015.aux'.

LaTeX Font Info:    Checking defaults for OML/cmm/m/it on input line 5.
LaTeX Font Info:    ... okay on input line 5.
LaTeX Font Info:    Checking defaults for T1/cmr/m/n on input line 5.
LaTeX Font Info:    ... okay on input line 5.
LaTeX Font Info:    Checking defaults for OT1/cmr/m/n on input line 5.
LaTeX Font Info:    ... okay on input line 5.
LaTeX Font Info:    Checking defaults for OMS/cmsy/m/n on input line 5.
LaTeX Font Info:    ... okay on input line 5.
LaTeX Font Info:    Checking defaults for OMX/cmex/m/n on input line 5.
LaTeX Font Info:    ... okay on input line 5.
LaTeX Font Info:    Checking defaults for U/cmr/m/n on input line 5.
LaTeX Font Info:    ... okay on input line 5.
LaTeX Font Info:    External font `cmex10' loaded for size
(Font)              <10.95> on input line 6.
LaTeX Font Info:    External font `cmex10' loaded for size
(Font)              <8> on input line 6.
LaTeX Font Info:    External font `cmex10' loaded for size
(Font)              <6> on input line 6.
LaTeX Font Info:    Try loading font information for U+bbold on input line 6.
 ("C:\Program Files\MiKTeX 2.9\tex\latex\bbold\ubbold.fd") [1

{C:/Users/Internet/AppData/Local/MiKTeX/2.9/pdftex/config/pdftex.map}] (311015.aux)

 *File List*
 article.cls    2014/09/29 v1.4h Standard LaTeX document class
  size11.clo    2014/09/29 v1.4h Standard LaTeX file (size option)
   bbold.sty    1994/04/06 Bbold symbol package
  ubbold.fd
 ***********

 ) 
Here is how much of TeX's memory you used:
 245 strings out of 493634
 2815 string characters out of 3143735
 52604 words of memory out of 3000000
 3699 multiletter control sequences out of 15000+200000
 6935 words of font info for 26 fonts, out of 3000000 for 9000
 1025 hyphenation exceptions out of 8191
 21i,4n,23p,178b,107s stack positions out of 5000i,500n,10000p,200000b,50000s
<C:/Program Files/MiKTeX 2.9/fonts/type1/public/bbold-type1/bbold10.pfb><C:/Program Files/MiKTeX 2.9/fonts/type1/publi
c/amsfonts/cm/cmex10.pfb><C:/Program Files/MiKTeX 2.9/fonts/type1/public/amsfonts/cm/cmmi10.pfb><C:/Program Files/MiKTeX
 2.9/fonts/type1/public/amsfonts/cm/cmmi6.pfb><C:/Program Files/MiKTeX 2.9/fonts/type1/public/amsfonts/cm/cmmi8.pfb><C:/
Program Files/MiKTeX 2.9/fonts/type1/public/amsfonts/cm/cmr10.pfb><C:/Program Files/MiKTeX 2.9/fonts/type1/public/amsfon
ts/cm/cmr8.pfb><C:/Program Files/MiKTeX 2.9/fonts/type1/public/amsfonts/cm/cmsy8.pfb>
Output written on 311015.pdf (1 page, 64777 bytes).
PDF statistics:
 38 PDF objects out of 1000 (max. 8388607)
 0 named destinations out of 1000 (max. 500000)
 1 words of extra memory for PDF output out of 10000 (max. 10000000)
8
  • Finally a trusted user ;-) (+1)
    – user31729
    May 23, 2016 at 18:35
  • 1
    @Christian Hupfer; On testing I had the same problem as the user, and had to make the .tfms by hand.
    – Bernard
    May 23, 2016 at 19:17
  • @Bernard: Huh?????????
    – user31729
    May 23, 2016 at 19:59
  • 3
    My system is not outdated and I could reproduce the error by installing the jknappen package ctan.org/pkg/jknappen. In miktex (but not in texlive) in contains a second ubbold.fd and if this is found first (which can but don't have to happen) you get problems. To test the issue: get the "jknappen"-ubbold.fd from CTAN and put it in the folder of your document. May 25, 2016 at 7:03
  • 1
    @UlrikeFischer I can confirm this is still an issue. Just ran into it myself with MikTeX, and removing the jknappen package fixed it.
    – JAB
    Oct 27, 2022 at 18:11

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