I'm using the Lecture Note in Computer Science (LNCS) LaTeX template, and I'm in trouble with their bibliography system.

I'm referencing a Book, but it doesn't show the information of the bib, it just prints the author and title.

Here is the template according with LNCS style:

1.Author Surname, A.: Title. Publisher, City (Year Published).

The bib file:

author = {Lastname, A.},
title = {Title},
date = {1995},
editor = {Book editor},
location = {City, Country},

And the TeX file:

\documentclass[10pt, a4paper]{llncs}


Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur\cite{ref.the.book} adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod .



I get this:

  1. Lastname, A.: Title

But, i would like get:

  1. Lastname, A.: Title. Publisher, City (1995).

Does anyone have any ideas why it's happening?

  • 1
    Where is the splncs03 bibstyle from? It's not part of the standard distribution. And this is what is giving you the format.
    – Alan Munn
    Commented May 28, 2016 at 15:20
  • Hi Alan, here i downloaded 45jaiio.sadio.org.ar/sites/default/files/Estilo_latex2e_0.zip
    – Gabriel
    Commented May 28, 2016 at 15:27
  • 1
    Have you tried to enter something in the publisher= field? Commented May 28, 2016 at 15:34
  • BTW, you should preferably get the LLNCS zip from the Springer web page. The version there is slightly newer.
    – Alan Munn
    Commented May 28, 2016 at 16:04

1 Answer 1


The problem lies in your bibtex file field names, which are incorrect if you are using bibtex to process your bibliography (which you are). As you note in the comments, you had been using the bibliography manager included in TeXStudio, which allows you to choose between biblatex and bibtex.

biblatex supports a much richer data model than traditional bibtex and so if you use those fields you are basically stuck with using biblatex. On the other hand biblatex supports all the legacy bibtex fields, so unless you absolutely require the power that biblatex provides it's more practical to keep with the bibtex fields since they are usable with both biblatex/biber and natbib/bibtex. See the following questions for more details:

If you do need the power of biblatex but you also need to use the standard format as well, biber can be used in tool mode to convert from one format to another. See:

Since you are using the LLNCS class, you cannot use biblatex fields, but you must use standard bibtex fields:

The correct field name for the date is "Year".

The correct field name for the publisher location is "Address"

And book entries have "Publisher" as a required field.

And if you look at the warnings that bibtex shows when you compile this you can see the issues clearly:

This is BibTeX, Version 0.99d (TeX Live 2015)
The top-level auxiliary file: llncs-bib.aux
The style file: splncs03.bst
Database file #1: bibfilename.bib
Warning--can't use both author and editor fields in badref
Warning--missing publisher in badref
Warning--empty year in badref
(There were 3 warnings)
  • Hi, thanks.... now it works. i'm using Texstudio and its bib manager. And i don't see any warning. I found that Texstudio had 2 types of Bib: BibTeX and BibLateX. BibTeX is the correct one, and generated the fields as you suggest. By default is BibLaTeX, so i changed that and no more problems.
    – Gabriel
    Commented May 30, 2016 at 11:22
  • 1
    @Gabriel Your comment is very enlightening. I hadn't noticed that the fields you were using were valid biblatex fields. I'll update my answer to reflect that.
    – Alan Munn
    Commented May 30, 2016 at 15:43

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