10

I have a line like this:

line.tex:

\documentclass[12pt]{article}
\usepackage{asymptote}
\begin{document}

\begin{asy}
unitsize(1cm);
defaultpen(0.5cm);

draw((0,0)--(1,1));
\end{asy}

\end{document}

latexmrc:

sub asy {return system("asy '$_[0]'");}
add_cus_dep("asy","eps",0,"asy");
add_cus_dep("asy","pdf",0,"asy");
add_cus_dep("asy","tex",0,"asy");

As expected, it draws a solid line with rounded edges like this:

However, I would like to draw just the outer border of that line, something like this:

How can I do this?

  • Welcome to TeX.SE. While code snippets are useful in explanations, it is always best to compose a fully compilable MWE that illustrates the problem including the \documentclass and the appropriate packages so that those trying to help don't have to recreate it. – Peter Grill Jun 5 '16 at 1:14
  • Sorry I don't know much about Asymptote, but what you provided produces no output for me. Is there something special I need to run when using Asymptote, besides pdflatex? – Peter Grill Jun 5 '16 at 1:18
  • I also have the latexmrc file with some code in it, will edit in a sec. – AMACB Jun 5 '16 at 1:23
  • A user here, Malipivo, has used a \pdfliteral feature to do outlines of glyphs, which may apply in your situation. Here are some examples: tex.stackexchange.com/questions/169636/…, and tex.stackexchange.com/questions/18472/tikz-halo-around-text/…. – Steven B. Segletes Jun 5 '16 at 1:38
  • @StevenB.Segletes Can't seem to make that work with a line in asymptote. – AMACB Jun 5 '16 at 1:44
4

I have taken the idea in this post, using the graph package to construct the path[] getBorder(path, pen) function as shown in the following code.

unitsize(1inch);
import graph;

path[] getBorder(path p, pen origPen)
{
    real offset = linewidth(origPen)/2.0/72.0;
    pair offsetPoint(real t) { return point(p, t) + offset*(rotate(90)*dir(p,t)); }
    path path1 = graph(offsetPoint, 0, length(p), operator ..);
    offset = -offset;
    path path2 = graph(offsetPoint, 0, length(p), operator ..);

    path[] paths;
    if (cyclic(p)) { paths = path1^^path2; }
    else { paths = path1..reverse(path2)..cycle; }

    return paths;
}

pen origPen = 10+black;

draw(getBorder((0,0){E}..{S}(2,0), origPen), red);
draw(getBorder((0,1)--(1,0), origPen), blue);
draw(getBorder(shift(1,0.5)*scale(0.5)*unitcircle, origPen), green);

enter image description here

The code works for cyclic or non-cyclic paths. The origPen definition determines the resulting width of the path outline. The function assumes that the origPen is defined with a roundcap.

Unfortunately, the nature of the function means that sharp corners or small radii will not be treated properly. Maybe someone else knows how to overcome this problem.

enter image description here

5

You can over-draw it using a pen with the background colour and a slightly narrower width.

Here's an example: (compile with asy or integrate into your existing LaTeX doc).

unitsize(1cm);
guide sausage = (0,0) -- (2,3);
draw(sausage, black+5);
draw(sausage, white+4.2);

this produces:

enter image description here

The draw(*guide*, *pen*) command draws the guide with the specified pen. To set the width of your pen, you just add a real number to an existing pen. In this case I've used the predefined (coloured) pens black and white. Adding 5 to black makes a pen that's 5 PostScript points wide. If you wanted one that's 5mm wide then you could do black+5mm thanks to the clever way that Asymptote deals with units.

  • That almost works, but the problem is I need to make these overlap each other, which doesn't work with this approach. – AMACB Jun 6 '16 at 1:47
  • OK, perhaps you can update the question to say that? – Thruston Jun 6 '16 at 6:59
  • Getting the outline of a stroked path is hard -- I don't think it's implemented in Asymptote (but I'm not an expert). You would certainly find it easier to define oval paths and draw them directly. Could you try that approach? – Thruston Jun 6 '16 at 8:28
0

I think you should change the size of defaultpen to something less that what you are using, i.e., less than 0.5cm.

I hope this helps!

  • I'm trying to draw the region within a certain length of the line, not what you are doing. – AMACB Jun 5 '16 at 12:24

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