I am writing a Tex document in German so I am trying to use


unfortunately, only \usepackage[english]{babel} seems to be working on my system. I wrote a file

\usepackage[< language >]{babel}  

which only compiles if < language > = english. For any other I get a Package babel error:You haven't specified a language option .... I've tried spanish, swedish, german, and ngerman. Everytime I change < language > I delete the aux files before compiling.

What am I missing?

  • 3
    Are the corresponding packages installed? – Bernard Jun 18 '16 at 17:19
  • how do I check that? I use Kile on Debian... – scjorge Jun 18 '16 at 17:20
  • 1
    You should have a /texmf/tex/latex/babel-german directory in your distribution with some .ldf files (german.ldf, ngerman.ldf, &c.). – Bernard Jun 18 '16 at 17:27
  • 1
    sudo apt-get install texlive-lang-german and for some others sudo apt-get install texlive-lang-european – user2478 Jun 18 '16 at 18:09
  • 1
    In such a case you have to upgrade your texlive installation. Which is, of course, not a big deal. use sudo apt-get install texlive-full afetr deleteing your current version. – user2478 Jun 18 '16 at 18:59

Indeed, I happen to only have the English-babel-package installed on my system.

My solution was to install the package texlive-lang-german. Since I had some problem with my linux-dependencies, I did this with the command sudo aptitude install texlive-lang-german and chose one of the suggested solutions.

Another possibility would be sudo apt-get install texlive-full as @Herbert suggested on a comment.
I did this too, but after the aptitude-workaround, so I am unsure if this alone would have solved my problem.

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