# How can I make a “fake” subsection number?

I'm writing a LaTeX document which includes examples of how to structure another LaTeX document. However, I can't figure out a way to make it so that there's a subsection in the example that is a) not included in the table of contents and b) has a number that DOES NOT increment with the main sections.

\include and \input both increment, so I can't use them.

Here's my current MWE using two files and \include:

\fbox{
\begin{minipage}{\textwidth}

\include{EX1}

\end{minipage}
}


EX1:

\subsection{Fake Subsection}

Some text.


• Welcome to TeX.SX! That's by far no MWE ;-) – user31729 Jun 24 '16 at 16:33
• Brain fart! I meant "attempt". – eijen Jun 24 '16 at 16:35
• \include does introduce a new page everytime, I assume you don't want that really! – user31729 Jun 24 '16 at 16:40
• Please have a look on another possible solution at the end of my answer! – user31729 Jun 24 '16 at 19:14

Define an environment within which counter stepping and ToC-writing is disabled. This allows great freedom:

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{xparse}

\newcounter{savesection}
\newcounter{savesubsection}
\newcounter{savesubsubsection}
\newenvironment{quietsections}
{% Store sectional counters
\setcounter{savesection}{\value{section}}%
\setcounter{savesubsection}{\value{subsection}}%
\setcounter{savesubsubsection}{\value{subsubsection}}%
\renewcommand{\refstepcounter}[1]{}% Remove \refstepcounter functionality
}{%
% Restore sectional counters
\setcounter{section}{\value{savesection}}%
\setcounter{subsection}{\value{savesubsection}}%
\setcounter{subsubsection}{\value{savesubsubsection}}%
}

\begin{document}

\tableofcontents

\section{A section}
\section*{Another section}

\bigskip

\noindent
\fbox{%
\begin{minipage}{\dimexpr\linewidth-2\fboxsep-2\fboxrule}
\begin{quietsections}
\setcounter{section}{4}
\section{A fake section}
\setcounter{subsection}{3}
\subsection{Another fake subsection}
\subsection*{More subsections}
\end{quietsections}
\end{minipage}%
}

\bigskip

\section{Yet another section}

\end{document}


Counters for sectional headings are stored at \begin{quietsections}, and restored during \end{quietsections}.

The following shows how it can be done for \section, but it is easy to extend it to other sectional units:

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{xparse}

\NewDocumentCommand{\fakesection}{s m o m}{{%
\renewcommand{\refstepcounter}[1]{}% Remove functionality of \refstepcounter
\renewcommand{\thesection}{#2}% Set subsection counter
\IfBooleanTF{#1}
{\section*{#4}}
{\IfValueTF{#3}
{\section[#3]{#4}}
{\section{#4}}%
}
}}

\begin{document}

\tableofcontents

\section{A section}
\section*{Another section}

\bigskip

\noindent
\fbox{%
\begin{minipage}{\dimexpr\linewidth-2\fboxsep-2\fboxrule}
\fakesection{5}{A fake section}
\fakesection*{X}{Another fake section}
\end{minipage}%
}

\bigskip

\section{Yet another section}

\end{document}

• Seems I was a bit late. – Runar Jun 24 '16 at 16:57
• This allows subsubsections as well, which should be useful to me! Thanks! – eijen Jun 24 '16 at 17:07

UPDATE at the end, with automatic restoration of arbitrary counters!!!!

Use a dummycounter that resets with the upper section level and \let\c@subsection\c@dummycounter, i.e. explicitly use the count register c@dummycounter instead of c@subsection

If this is used inside of the minipage, the \let operation does not leak outside (since minipage is an environment and as such a group).

Please note, that my approach won't be useful for \subsubsection out of the box then. This requires more work!

Setting the tocdepth counter appropiately will prevent the appearance of the fake subsection in the ToC!

\documentclass{article}

\newcounter{dummycounter}[section]%
\usepackage{blindtext}

\makeatletter
\newcommand{\example}[1]{%
\fbox{%
\begin{minipage}{\textwidth}
\let\c@subsection\c@dummycounter%

#1

\end{minipage}
}%
}
\makeatother

\begin{document}
\tableofcontents
\section{Foo}
\subsection{Real subsection}

\example{\subsection{Fake subsection}\blindtext}

\subsection{Another real subsection}

\section{Other foo}

\subsection{Real subsection}

\example{\subsection{Fake subsection}\blindtext}

\example{\subsection{Fake subsection}\blindtext}

\subsection{Real subsection}

\subsection{Real subsection}

\end{document}


Update

An xassoccnt version with \BackupCounterValues -- This maintains the values of various counters and automatically prevents entries to the ToC, Lof and Lot.

A future version of xassoccnt will support such features out of the box -- I have put it on my to-do-list!

Using figure and table won't work, due to the boxing!

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{blindtext}
\usepackage{tcolorbox}
\usepackage{xassoccnt}
\usepackage{caption}

\usepackage{hyperref}

\newcounter{storedtocdepth}

\ExplSyntaxOn
\newcommand{\preventcft}[1][toc,lof,lot]{%
\clist_set:Nn \l_tmpa_clist {#1}%
\clist_map_inline:Nn \l_tmpa_clist {%
}%
}
\newcommand{\restorecft}[1][toc,lof,lot]{%
\clist_set:Nn \l_tmpa_clist {#1}%
\clist_map_inline:Nn \l_tmpa_clist {%
}%
}

\ExplSyntaxOff

\NewDocumentCommand{\example}{O{resetbackup=true}+m}{%
\BackupCounterValues[#1]{subsection,subsubsection,figure,table}%
\CopyDocumentCounters{tocdepth}{storedtocdepth}%
\begin{tcolorbox}[code={\preventcft}]%
#2%
\end{tcolorbox}%
\RestoreAllCounterValues
\restorecft%
}

\begin{document}
\tableofcontents
\listoffigures
\listoftables
\section{Foo}
\subsection{Real subsection}

\begin{figure}
\begin{center}
\caption{A beautiful duck outside}
\includegraphics[scale=0.3]{ente}
\end{center}
\end{figure}
\example{\subsection{Fake subsection}
\begin{center}
\includegraphics[scale=0.3]{ente}%
\captionof{figure}{A beautiful duck}
\end{center}
\blindtext
}

\subsection{Another real subsection}

\section{Other foo}

\example{\subsection{Fake subsection}\blindtext}

\subsection{Another real subsection of 2nd section}

\subsubsection{Foo subsubsection}
\example{
\subsection{Fake subsection}\blindtext

\begin{center}
\begin{tabular}{*{5}{l}}
\hline
1 & 2 & 3 & 4 & 5 \tabularnewline
\hline
\end{tabular}
\captionof{table}{An internal tabular}
\end{center}

\subsubsection{Fake subsubsection}

\begin{center}
\begin{tabular}{*{5}{l}}
\hline
1 & 2 & 3 & 4 & 5 \tabularnewline
\hline
\end{tabular}
\captionof{table}{Another internal tabular}
\end{center}

\subsubsection{Another fake subsubsection}\subsubsection{Imaginary subsubsection}}

\subsubsection{Real world subsubsection}
\subsection{Yet another real subsection of 2nd section}

\subsection{more real subsections}

\end{document}


• Actually, this is a job for xassoccnt and BackupCounterValues – user31729 Jun 24 '16 at 17:34