I'm seeing odd behavior when trying to use a watermark with tikz and eso-pic.

Here is my example document:



        \begin{tikzpicture}[remember picture, overlay]
          \node [shift={(\wmoffset,-\wmoffset)}]  at (current page.north west)
                \node [rotate=45,scale=\wmscale,text opacity=\wmopacity]
        \begin{tikzpicture}[remember picture, overlay]
          \node [shift={(-\wmoffset,\wmoffset)}]  at (current page.south east)
                \node [rotate=45,scale=\wmscale,text opacity=\wmopacity]



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This yielded the expected result (a faint watermark at the top left and bottom right of each page) prior to upgrading from MacTex 2010 to 2011. However, after upgrading, I'm seeing the watermarks on the first page are appearing opaque, with watermarks on pages 2-N appearing as they should in the PDF output.

Does anyone know anything that could have caused this? Perhaps some recent updates to eso-pic or tikz that would have changed this behavior? Any workarounds? I'd be okay with leaving the watermark off of the first page entirely if there were an easy way to do that, but I'd prefer to fix the transparency problem if possible.

  • 1
    Welcome to TeX.SE. It is always best to provide a full MWE and not just code snippets, that illustrates the problem including the \documentclass so that those trying to help don't have to recreate it. Oct 20, 2011 at 18:32
  • @PeterGrill: OK, I've updated my question with a complete document that exhibits the problem on my system.
    – tonycpsu
    Oct 20, 2011 at 19:11
  • 2
    With XeTeX and TeXLive2010 or TeXLive2011 I see a black mark on the first page and transparent ones on the other. However, with TeXLive2010 and TeXLive2011 with pdflatex I don't see a difference, but the top mark on the first page appear not as transparent, but still not even close to black as with XeTeX. So, seems to be a XeTeX specific problem. Oct 20, 2011 at 19:20
  • 1
    @tonycpsu: You can use the advantages of fontspec with lualatex. Oct 21, 2011 at 13:14
  • 1
    First, I can confirm this in TeXLive 2011 on Linux. Second, it does seem to work fine with luatex, so you can still use your system fonts using fontspec. Third, I am not sure if it is related, but when viewing the xelatex compiled pdf in zathura, every time the first page is displayed, I get ` Error: ExtGState '[email protected]' is unknown` message on my terminal. It does not happen when viewing pdf created with pdflatex or lualatex. Not sure if it is related, but if it is, it may help tracing the problem. Oct 23, 2011 at 2:04

2 Answers 2


This looks like a bug in tikz: The content stream of the first pages references the two Graphic States [email protected] and [email protected] (these specify the transparency), but these are not included in the resources of the first page (but on all other pages), so they are unknown there. Tested with TL2011.

You should report the bug here.


To fix of this problem, you have to load the tikz package first, and then the eso-pic. So the code works fine with xelatex, too.

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