I am compiling my thesis using MIT thesis template (http://web.mit.edu/thesis/tex/), which uses the apalike package for the bibliography style. All my citation in the text show up within round brackets. Is there a way to make refs without brackets

The aim is to have "This has been shown by Levin, 2004", not "This has been shown by (Levin, 2004)"

  • 3
    Welcome, please add a minimal working example to your question. This way, we can reproduce your issue. Right now, you are giving confusing information.
    – Johannes_B
    Aug 6, 2016 at 13:55
  • 3
    If you use apalike, you are probably not using biblatex. So the body of your question and your tagging seem to contradict each other. You can avoid any confusion, by adding an MWE to your question, so we can see what you are seeing.
    – moewe
    Aug 6, 2016 at 14:00
  • 2
    There is no package named apalike -- at least not in the TeXlive distribution. (There is, however, a package called apacite.) Are you maybe referring to the bibliography style named apalike? Separately, please advise if you use any citation management packages, say, natbib.
    – Mico
    Aug 6, 2016 at 14:03
  • if you are indeed using biblatex as from your title, you are probably using the generic\cite{} command instead of the context specific ones. But without an mwe it is hard to be sure. At a guess you should use \textcite{} in this context.
    – ArTourter
    Aug 6, 2016 at 14:28
  • 1
    Since you don't use biblatex, I have removed the tag. You should be able to edit your question and then you can just paste the plain text of your MWE (make sure it is really minimal).
    – moewe
    Aug 9, 2016 at 7:54

1 Answer 1


Without a MWE it is hard to tell what's going wrong, but I assume you are using the wrong command to cite and are using the natbib package. I believe you are using \citep, which adds parentheses, whereas \cite should do what you are looking for. If you weren't using this package, this might be a solution for you.

Edit: prividing an MWE. LaTeX code:

\usepackage[round]{natbib} %More control for citations, adding BiBTeX compatibility.
Using citep gives: \citep{mwe}.

Using cite gives: \cite{mwe}.

.bib file used: test.bib

author = {JiyuuSensei},
year = {2016},
title = {Minimal Working Example}


enter image description here

  • I believe the OP wants "Jones, year" as the citation call-out style, not "Jones (year)". To get the former style, use \citealp, not \citet.
    – Mico
    Aug 10, 2016 at 17:08
  • MWE: \documentclass[11pt,twoside]{mitthesis} \usepackage{lgrind} \usepackage{cmap} \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} \pagestyle{plain} \usepackage{apalike} \usepackage{tocbibind} \usepackage{appendix} \usepackage{booktabs} \typein [\files]{Enter file names to process, (chap1,chap2 ...), or `all' to process all files:} \def\all{all} \ifx\files\all \typeout{Including all files.} \else \typeout{Including only \files.} \includeonly{\files} \fi \begin{document} \include{cover} \include{contents} \include{chap1} \appendix \include{App} \include{biblio} \end{document}
    – DiD
    Aug 10, 2016 at 17:30
  • my biblio file is a tex file with the following content: \begin{singlespace} \bibliography{main} \bibliographystyle{apalike} \end{singlespace} The 'main' file is a .bib file with following preamble followed by all the references @preamble{ "\newcommand{\noopsort}[1]{} " # "\newcommand{\printfirst}[2]{#1} " # "\newcommand{\singleletter}[1]{#1} " # "\newcommand{\switchargs}[2]{#2#1} " }
    – DiD
    Aug 10, 2016 at 17:33
  • Sorry, just not able to add a formatted mwe. Tried all possible ways, including pasting as plain text, but just cant get the line breaks. Hope you can still make sense of this and help me.
    – DiD
    Aug 10, 2016 at 17:38
  • Using this code, all chapters of my thesis gets generated in the compiled pdf along with the bibliography. The only problem is that all citations appear within round brackets. If I use natbib in this code (\usepackage[round]{natbib}), the pdf still gets generated with ? in place of all references in the text and no bibliography.
    – DiD
    Aug 10, 2016 at 17:58

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .