In the thread Symbol for "defined to be logically equivalent" (:⇔), we discussed how to tex ":⇔" correctly. As we learnt, the solution is to define the following new command:


Now, this only works with


I am interested in how to tex the "colon \iff" correctly, that is, with a


instead of a

  • What does it look like if you just substitute the commands? Does it not look "correct"? If so, why?
    – Werner
    Aug 24, 2016 at 18:52
  • \Longleftrightarrow (or, which is the same, \iff) generates space in front and behind it. Aug 24, 2016 at 18:56
  • The spacing isn't that much different when you use \ratio\Longleftrightarrow (picture) compared to using \iff. Why do you need to use \iff?
    – Werner
    Aug 24, 2016 at 19:01
  • @Werner: Thanks, you are right. I thought \Longleftrightarrow would be the same as \iff. But the issue with the spacing only arises with \iff. Your comment is worth an answer. :-) Aug 24, 2016 at 19:04
  • \ratio\Longleftrightarrow should be good; not \iff (that's not really supported in LaTeX).
    – egreg
    Aug 24, 2016 at 19:27

1 Answer 1


\iff is similar to \Longleftrightarrow but forces an amount of space on either side - a \; or \thickmuskip (see What commands are there for horizontal spacing?). That,



> \iff =\long macro:
->\;\Longleftrightarrow \;.
\iff ->\protect \iff  

in the .log. In contrast,



> \Longleftrightarrow =\long macro:
->\Leftarrow \joinrel \Rightarrow .

in the .log - a \join or the relations \Leftarrow and \Rightarrow, without adding spaces around the outside.

\[ A \logeq B \longeq C \]
  • I guess for those using \iff elsewhere it makes sense to use \newcommand*{\longeq}{\;\ratio\Longleftrightarrow\;} so that the spacing comes out the same.
    – Daniel
    Sep 22, 2019 at 8:56

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