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I want something like \ifmmode\else\GenerateWarning{The command \backslash uzuka is supported only in math mode.}\fi, which is supposed to generate a warning "The command \uzuka is supported only in math mode.". Is there a command or a package with this capacibility?

3 Answers 3

39

For LaTeX, use the commands described in section 4.9 of clsguide.pdf:

  • \PackageWarning and \PackageWarningNoLine if you are writing a package
  • \ClassWarning and \ClassWarningNoLine if you are writing a class
  • The internal generic version for warnings is \GenericWarning

The expl3 bundle has another interface for warnings and similar messages, see Part III, chapter 11 in source3.pdf.

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  • 4
    I'd add that the expl3 approach has been designed to allow suppression of messages in a selective fashion. Packages such as silence can do the same for LaTeX2e messages but as an 'add on'.
    – Joseph Wright
    Sep 20, 2010 at 11:43
  • 1
    @doncherry Thanks, fixed. (It's called l3kernel now instead of expl3.)
    – Philipp
    Dec 9, 2012 at 20:52
  • What was Part XVII is now Part XVIII Messaging (I presume).
    – stefanct
    Jul 3, 2019 at 11:18
  • 1
    For error instead of warning, use \PackageError
    – tobiasBora
    Jan 27 at 17:22
19

Just use the built-in \errmessage for errors, e.g. \let\GenerateWarning=\errmessage.

The kind of warnings Latex generates are just messages; \let\GenerateWarning=\message will not interrupt the compile. Latex uses the commands \@latex@warning and \@latex@warning@no@lines to create these for its own warnings: you check the source you find in latex.ltx.

4
  • Yes, that will allow to generate errors. But what about warnings? Is it possible to generate them too?
    – fiktor
    Sep 20, 2010 at 11:13
  • 4
    Thanks to search using \errmessage keyword I've found in TeXBook how to output warning. Actually I've found, that my editor (TeXnicCenter 1.0) treats as warnings output lines like "LaTeX Warning: \uzuka used outside of math mode on input line 211", which can be generated using \message{LaTeX Warning: \noexpand\uzuka used outside of math mode on input line \the\inputlineno}. Thank you.
    – fiktor
    Sep 20, 2010 at 11:21
  • Relevant: tex.stackexchange.com/q/115976/8666
    – 0 _
    Aug 21, 2017 at 0:55
  • Is it possible to generate an expanded message as well?
    – Someone
    Nov 8, 2020 at 21:47
16

You can use \typeout{msg}. The command will print msg on the terminal and in the log file.

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