I was refactoring a biblatex-style to work with changes recently introduced to biber. So I had this code:


But this code always gives me the errors "extra \or" (for both \or s) and "extra \fi". When debugging, I figured out, that filling in just anything into the {} in the first branch makes the code work. But I need to have an empty argument there. Why does it make a difference if the argument is empty or not for the if structure? And, even more important: how do I submit an empty argument in there?

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    I really don't understand the details, but I've found that often, \relax can satisfy your need. It is not "nothing", but it performs "nothing" when executed. – Steven B. Segletes Sep 24 '16 at 23:46
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    It does nothing successfully :-). – cfr Sep 25 '16 at 1:48
  • It's hard to help you if you don't give us code to reproduce your problem. Like Steven, I would have thought that adding \relax after \value{uniquename} would probably fix the problem but I can't test this from what you have posted. Can you please expand your code snippet to a full minimal working example. A MWE should compile and be as small as possible to demonstrate your problem. – user30471 Sep 25 '16 at 5:05
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    You can use the macros \empty and \@empty. It has been my experience that {} gets translated as \@empty, so break out the \makeatletter ... \makeatother. – John Kormylo Sep 25 '16 at 16:22
  • great, using \relax works. Seems that the – not too well documented – changes in biblatex recently made the macros not accepting {} as empty arguments anymore…. If you're posting this as an answer again, I'll accept it as the correct solution :) – Florian Sep 26 '16 at 0:43

You have not provided enough context to run the code but you have


here \ifcase requires a <number>, and assuming the standard latex definition of \value then \value{uniquename} will be a number just if uniquename is a latex counter, that is, if \c@uniquename is defined to be a count register.

If \c@uniqename isn't defined then \value will define it \let to \relax. You don't say what non-error behaviour you want, but for example you could make it act as -1, in which case none of the \ifcase branches will be executed.

\ifcase\expandafter\ifx\csname c@uniquename\endcsname\relax-1 \else\value{uniquename}\fi
  • actually looking at your question again perhaps that isn't the \if.. you are asking about, but it's the only one in the posted code, hard to be sure. If the question is updates I'll revisit this. – David Carlisle Sep 25 '16 at 7:32
  • I'd bet on the conditionals in name:first-last-init. With the biblatex changes in 3.3 the type of the arguments changed, I guess that could confuse the \if... commands there. – moewe Sep 26 '16 at 15:41

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