I found pitchforks, but none that is similar to these explaines in Salmon 1989

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  • 3
    Maybe $\supset\mkern-15mu-_u$ Sep 27, 2016 at 12:37
  • Doesn't this answer help you?
    – CarLaTeX
    Sep 27, 2016 at 12:37
  • Hi CarlaTex, thanks! I saw this list, but the symbols are a bit different. Thanks again. Sep 27, 2016 at 12:39
  • Hi Steven, it did! thanks a lot! Maybe you want to add this as an answer and provide the context? thanks a lot! Sep 27, 2016 at 12:40
  • Just for fun: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{marvosym} \usepackage{graphicx} \begin{document} \rotatebox{90}{\Neptune} \end{document} :) Sep 27, 2016 at 15:37

4 Answers 4


Since it should be a connective, the type is \mathbin; then we can use TeX's rules for relations:




The connective for the fork is $\fork$
and we can write $a\fork b$ or also
$a\fork_u b$.


Choose the kerning based on your liking.

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At its simplest, I propose a simple overlap of a \supset and a -, with a kern to effect the overlap. However, A Rmano notes, this may not have the proper spacing relative to adjacent material. Thus, if one wishes a general symbol, that works across math styles, I have provided here \fork.

EDITED for \mathbin instead of \mathrel.



$\scriptstyle \fork_\mathrm{u}$
$\scriptscriptstyle \fork_\mathrm{u}$

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  • Hmmm... I think that the _mathrm{u} should go into the mathrel --- otherwise it's strange. Try $A fork_\mathrm{u} B$ versus $A \mathrel{\supset\mkern-15mu-_\mathrm{u}} B$... maybe an optional argument?
    – Rmano
    Sep 27, 2016 at 12:54
  • @Rmano The initial version may indeed have the wrong spacing, and I showed it to convey the gist of the approach. For regular use, I certainly endorse the use of \fork as the preferred embodiment. Sep 27, 2016 at 13:38
  • Yes... but $A\fork_u B$ has still the wrong spacing, because the _u should go into the mathbin, no? Or am I wrong? (can't check now...)
    – Rmano
    Sep 27, 2016 at 14:21
  • @Rmano I don't know enough about the contextual meaning of the symbol and its usage to know the answer to your question. I would just note that egreg, who would know the answers to these questions, did not place the subscript inside the \mathbin. Sep 27, 2016 at 14:38

Mnsymbol and Mdsymbol have \rightpitchfork glyphs (and indeed quite a few other pitchforks). Here is a way to use it, along with \leftpitchfork, without loading Mnsymbol. In addition , I defined an extensible version \xleftfork. They have bold versions.

\usepackage{lmodern, mathtools}

\DeclareFontFamily{U}  {MnSymbolA}{}
\DeclareSymbolFont{MnSyA}         {U}  {MnSymbolA}{m}{n}
\SetSymbolFont{MnSyA}       {bold}{U}  {MnSymbolA}{b}{n}
<-6>  MnSymbolA5
<6-7>  MnSymbolA6
<7-8>  MnSymbolA7
<8-9>  MnSymbolA8
<9-10> MnSymbolA9
<10-12> MnSymbolA10
<12->   MnSymbolA12}{}
<-6>  MnSymbolA-Bold5
<6-7>  MnSymbolA-Bold6
<7-8>  MnSymbolA-Bold7
<8-9>  MnSymbolA-Bold8
<9-10> MnSymbolA-Bold9
<10-12> MnSymbolA-Bold10
<12->   MnSymbolA-Bold12}{}

\ext@arrow 0079\xleftforkfill@{#1}{#2}%
\ext@arrow 0097\xrightforkfill@{#1}{#2}%



$ A \rightpitchfork B\enspace B \leftpitchfork A$

\boldmath      $ A \rightpitchfork B\enspace B \leftpitchfork A$

$C \xleftfork{\text{an extensible pitchfork}}D$


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  • 1
    I don't think the extensible pitchfork is useful but it looks nice :) +1 Sep 27, 2016 at 15:40
  • 2
    It was asked for not long ago on this site. I tried for fun to obtain an extensible pitchfork with a \rightpitchfork on the left, but didn't succeed (missing $ was the error message…)
    – Bernard
    Sep 27, 2016 at 15:50

In Unicode there is the similar symbol \nisd. However, it is a relation rather than a binary operator. It is not available in all fonts but XITS has it.

\setmathfont{XITS Math}
$a \nisd b$

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