2

I have myclass.cls with the following content:

\NeedsTeXFormat{LaTeX2e}
\ProvidesClass{myclass}
\LoadClass{article}
\AtBeginDocument{
  \tableofcontents
  \clearpage
}
\endinput

I also have mydoc.tex in the same folder with the following content:

\documentclass{myclass}
\usepackage{color}
\begin{document}
  mydocument
\end{document}

Compiling gives me the error

Undefined control sequence. \begin{document}.

It would be fine if I do any of the following:

  • move \AtBeginDocument{...} to mydoc.tex
  • remove \tableofcontents
  • remove \clearpage
  • remove \usepackage{color}

Is this a bug?

  • 1
    please show the actual error from ! to ? from the log file in a code block in the question, the form you show is just a misleading summary from your editor which does not show which command is undefined – David Carlisle Sep 29 '16 at 17:41
3

From the LaTeX Companion, 2nd edition, to \AtBeginDocument:

Note, however, that code in the \AtBeginDocument hook is part of the preamble. Thus, restrictions limit what can be put there; in particular, no typesetting can be done.

A better hook is provided as \AfterEndPreamble of package etoolbox, which is executed at the very end of \begin{document}, after the \AtBeginDocument stuff.

Short example as standalone file:

\documentclass{article}
\RequirePackage{etoolbox}
\AfterEndPreamble{
  \tableofcontents
  \clearpage
}
\usepackage{color}
\begin{document}
\section{Hello World}
\end{document}
1

The error is

! Undefined control sequence.
\set@color ...\@pdfcolorstack push{\current@color 
                                                  }\aftergroup \reset@color 
l.3 \begin{document}

? 

That is \current@color which is not yet defined as colour (as well as fonts and many other things) are set up in \begin{document} and \AtBeginDocument is mainly aimed for loading preamble commands at the end of the preamble, it can not reliably be used for typesetting commands as it is executed too early.

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