I am trying to insert a footnote at the end of my sentence using \footnote{some text}, however, when I compile the file, I see [?] instead of the footnote. I am using aps template in revtex4-1. Any help would be appreciated.

  • Are you running latex bibtex latex latex?
    – Dai Bowen
    Oct 23, 2016 at 23:48
  • I fear I do not know the answer. I am using Texmaker if that helps! Im sorry I just started using LaTex.
    – Ptheguy
    Oct 23, 2016 at 23:51
  • Try pressing F6 F11 F6 F6, does that display anything? Alternatively try adding the nofootinbib and repeatedly compiling. Both should show something.
    – Dai Bowen
    Oct 23, 2016 at 23:53
  • Pressing F11 says "This is BibTex"
    – Ptheguy
    Oct 23, 2016 at 23:54

1 Answer 1


By default revtex places footnotes in the bibliography (see e.g. How to refer to same footnote twice in REVTeX?) - in order to make them appear you therefore need to run bibtex in the normal fashion (even if you have no actual citations and no proper bibliography) as described in Question mark or bold citation key instead of citation number.

Alternatively you can disable the normal behaviour of revtex by using the class option nofootinbib. Apply this class option and you should be able to simply run latex repeatedly to generate a standard bottom of page footnote.

  • 1
    Thank you so much. May I ask how you apply nofootinbib?
    – Ptheguy
    Oct 23, 2016 at 23:59
  • 1
    It's an option to the revtex class, i.e.\documentclass[nofootinbib]{revtex4-1}
    – Dai Bowen
    Oct 24, 2016 at 0:00
  • this is a beautiful answer +1
    – wonderich
    Feb 19, 2020 at 5:17

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