The command \pgfmathparse is simply great. I can do things like \pgfmathparse{factorial(5)}\pgfmathresult and get 120 as a result.

But what about the Double factorial or the Gamma function? Is there any way to use them with pgf? Can I define them myself? If so - how?

  • search declare function in the manual – percusse Nov 9 '16 at 17:26
  • Very well, but the only proper definition I can find for the gamma function is an integral formula - can this be implemented in TeX? – carsten Nov 9 '16 at 19:52
  • Then not much hope other than PStricks, Asymptote etc. – percusse Nov 9 '16 at 20:15
  • I think I'm onto something, as there is at least one way to do it for half integers and integers (which is all the cases I need) using the double factorial, but somehow I get errors... \tikzmath{ function gamma(\x) { if isodd(2*\x) then { \pgfmathsetmacro\myresult{1} for \i in {2\x,2\x-2,...,1}{ \pgfmathsetmacro{\myresult}{\myresult * \x} }; return \myresult * sqrt(pi) / 2^(\x-0.5); } else { return factorial(\x-1); }; }; } - I get ! Undefined control sequence. <argument> \myresult... any suggestion? – carsten Nov 9 '16 at 21:11

I was able to come up with a solution for integer and half integer numbers for the Gamma function by creating a recursive definition of the double factorial. Probably not very efficient, but it works.

  function doublefactorial(\x) {
    if (\x > 1) then {
      return \x * doublefactorial(\x-2);
    } else {
      return 1;
  % this definition only works for positive integers and half integers
  function gamma(\x) {
    if isodd(int(2*\x)) then {
      return doublefactorial(int(2*\x-2))* sqrt(pi) / 2^(\x-0.5);
    } else {
      return factorial(int(\x-1));

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