# Brace and text in side margin

Within a text, I would like to emphasize one or two paragraphs by placing a curly brace in the left side margin, and next to it some short text vertically centred around the brace's centre.

The question Adding a large brace next to a body of text shows how to add braces in the main text, maybe that can help as a starting point? A slight modification of the accepted answer there is

\documentclass{report}
\usepackage{lipsum}

\begin{document}
\lipsum[1]
\noindent$\left\{ \begin{minipage}{\textwidth} \lipsum[2] \end{minipage} \right.$
\lipsum[3]
\end{document}


But this has the drawbacks that

1. it spills into the right, not the left margin;
2. I cannot add text to the brace; and that
3. the line spacing before the braced paragraph is incorrect.

Maybe this can be modified, or a completely different approach should be used? But I wouldn't know which one.

• Andrew Stacey's solution to that linked question is a more promising start of a solution. – Seamus Nov 7 '11 at 17:25
• I have been using the solution from changbars to indicate location of conditional text. This is not a curly brace but enough to make the paragraph stand out. This has the added benefit that you can highlight portions of the text within the paragraph, and also useable within math mode. – Peter Grill Nov 7 '11 at 17:26

You can use a \makebox to define a new command with two arguments: the first one will contain the text for the brace, and the second one will contain the paragraph text; something along these lines:

\documentclass{report}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\usepackage{lipsum}

\newcommand\BrText[2]{%
\par\smallskip
\noindent\makebox[\textwidth][r]{$\text{#1}\left\{ \begin{minipage}{\textwidth} #2 \end{minipage} \right.\nulldelimiterspace=0pt$}\par\smallskip
}

\begin{document}
\lipsum[1]
\BrText{Some text}{\lipsum[1]}
\lipsum[1]
\end{document}


• Instead of guessing the dimension for the \makebox you can say \noindent\makebox[\textwidth][r]{...}; also you should set \nulldelimiterspace=0pt just before the closing $, otherwise a .5pt shift would apppear on the right. – egreg Nov 7 '11 at 17:35 Here is another approach that utilized the environ package. The two-step procedure boxes the contents (in \savetextbox) in order to get its height. Then it typesets the left brace in the margin, and then the box. In the following minimal working example, a new environment bracetext is defined. It takes an optional argument which specifies the width of the text block (default is \textwidth). It is possible to modify this environment to take arguments (optional or mandatory) for the text to be displayed on the left-hand side as well. \documentclass{report} \usepackage{environ}% http://ctan.org/pkg/environ \usepackage{lipsum}% http://ctan.org/pkg/lipsum \newbox{\savetextbox} \NewEnviron{bracetext}[1][\textwidth]{% \begin{lrbox}{\savetextbox}% \begin{minipage}{#1} \BODY \end{minipage} \end{lrbox}% \smallskip% \noindent\makebox[0pt][r]{$\left\{\rule{0pt}{\ht\savetextbox}\right.$}% \usebox{\savetextbox}\par \smallskip% } \begin{document} \lipsum[1] \begin{bracetext} \lipsum[2] \end{bracetext} \lipsum[3] \end{document}​  The lipsum package was used to provide dummy text Lorem Ipsum... style. Note this one caveat of this approach is that the brace will not split across pages. If you want something that splits across pages, you should consider using mdframed. However, it does not support bracing as you requested. • sadly, the baselines above and below the braced text aren't the same as elsewhere in the text, and the braced text doesn't have a paragraph indent (maybe that's intentional). – barbara beeton Nov 7 '11 at 19:28 • The latter was intentional as a consequence of inserting content in a minipage environment. Do you have a suggestion how to fix the former? – Werner Nov 7 '11 at 19:31 • fixing the baseline above the minipage can be done by ending the previous line with a \strut. actually, since you've used \smallskip here, four \struts should do the job instead -- one on the previous line, one at the beginning of the minipage after a \leavevmode, one at the end of the minipage, and the last one after a \leavevmode (or \indent) at the beginning of the line beginning the next paragraph. \struts are your friend; they serve to maintain even baselines much more reliably than \*skips. – barbara beeton Nov 7 '11 at 19:45 \psbrace from pstricks-add package can do this. You need to position two nodes, and them connect them with the brace: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{pstricks,pstricks-add,lipsum} \begin{document} \lipsum[1] \makebox[0pt]{\makebox[1.5cm][l]{\pnode{A}}} \lipsum[2] \makebox[0pt]{\makebox[1.5cm][l]{\pnode{B}}} \lipsum[3] \psbrace[rot=180,ref=r, nodesepA=-2ex](A)(B){Text} \end{document}  • is it intentional that the brace isn't coextensive with the text? i wouldn't have guessed it from the code. – barbara beeton Nov 7 '11 at 19:36 • You mean the end is below the paragraph? I should put the second node slightly higher... – Boris Nov 7 '11 at 19:39 • and perhaps the first node might be a bit higher as well -- at the top of the first line of that paragraph. raising the height of both beginning and end by the same amount should do it. – barbara beeton Nov 7 '11 at 19:48 • Surely. These adjustments can be made to taste... – Boris Nov 7 '11 at 19:58 Another solution: The schemata package. \documentclass{article} \usepackage{schemata} \usepackage{lipsum} \begin{document} \lipsum[1] \hspace{-1cm}\schema{}{\lipsum[2]} \lipsum[3] \end{document}  This is a modification of the answer provided by Gonzalo Medina, so that it works for two-column pages: \documentclass[twocolumn]{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{lipsum} \makeatletter \newcommand\BrLeftText[2]{% \par\smallskip \noindent\makebox[\columnwidth][r]{$\text{#1}\left\{
\begin{minipage}{\columnwidth}
#2
\end{minipage}
\right.\nulldelimiterspace=0pt$}\par\smallskip } \newcommand\BrRightText[2]{% \par\smallskip \noindent\makebox[\columnwidth][l]{$\left.
\begin{minipage}{\columnwidth}
#2
\end{minipage}
\right\}\$\text{#1}\nulldelimiterspace=0pt}\par\smallskip
}
\newcommand\BrText[2]{
\if@firstcolumn \BrLeftText{#1}{#2} \else \BrRightText{#1}{#2} \fi
}
\makeatother

\begin{document}

\BrText{left}{\lipsum[1]}
\newpage
\BrText{right}{\lipsum[1]}

\end{document}