generally the references are kept at the last slide and cited using \cite command. I feel that this kind of notation is little difficult to understand from the point of an audience. Mostly, I use \footnote command, because it shows the reference at footer in same slide, which makes easier to understand. But \footnote can't print from bib file and therefore I always ended up putting one complete reference with \footnote. See below an example-



    This statement requires citation \cite{tobin1964commercial}

    But the way I want is \footnote{Tobin, James. Commercial banks as creators of" money.". Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics at Yale University, 1964.} %\footnote{tobin1964commercial}


This is how the generated PDF looks- enter image description here

What I want is a way, so that I can use \footnote together with \cite command, something like \footnote{tobin1964commercial}. And this should show the complete reference in the footer.

1 Answer 1


\footcite might be a solution for you:


\setbeamertemplate{navigation symbols}{}

% only for this example, otherwise in .bib file

    title = {Commercial Banks as Creators of 'Money'},
    author = {Tobin, James},
    year = {1963},
    institution = {Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University},
    type = {Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers},
    number = {159},
    url = {http://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cwl:cwldpp:159}


    Text text \footcite{RePEc:cwl:cwldpp:159}



enter image description here

  • Exactly. Is it possible to have the last reference slide as well? I would prefer to see the references with the same index as appeared in the slide. If possible. Thanks a lot.
    – ravi
    Nov 20, 2016 at 14:58
  • @RaviJoshi Sure, see my edit. Nov 20, 2016 at 15:00
  • 1
    Not able to compile. Getting following error This is BibTeX, Version 0.99d (TeX Live 2015) The top-level auxiliary file: ppt.aux I found no \citation commands---while reading file ppt.aux I found no \bibdata command---while reading file ppt.aux I found no \bibstyle command---while reading file ppt.aux (There were 3 error messages)
    – ravi
    Nov 20, 2016 at 15:11
  • 1
    @RaviJoshi As this solution uses biblatex this has to be compiles with biber and not bibtex. If you don't have biber you can try with \usepackage[style=verbose,backend=bibtex]{biblatex} instead. If you witch from bibtex to biber it is easiest to remove all the axillary files and compile from clean. Nov 20, 2016 at 15:14
  • 1
    Thanks. I figured it out. biblatex is there. Thanks a lot. It is working now.
    – ravi
    Nov 20, 2016 at 15:25

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