# What is the latex equivalent for etc, versus. How do we represent them?

I have gone through some of the questions on SO related to etc and other similar short hand characters. Everywhere is it problem specific. So I would like to know, is there a special command in latex, without defining out own command for using etc.

some thing goes for versus, a vs b ? how do we represent them?

Thanks.

• you type it as e,t,c,. ? Nov 21, 2016 at 10:29
• @percusse...In case of some publications, does one dot is good or three dots are good ? I have seen both. So isn't there a universal standard in using it ? or does it user specific? Nov 21, 2016 at 10:37
• I have never seen three dots (ellipsis they are called). You either leave ellipsis or etc. not both of them as far as I know. Nov 21, 2016 at 10:38
• @LaRiFaRi...Thanks for the suggestion, I will make a custom command and will use it whenever required. Nov 21, 2016 at 10:55
• You can use \textdiscount (from the textcomp package) to denote "versus". Dec 20, 2016 at 16:35

There is no command for this but \dots. In my eyes, dots are too informal for publications. Just use etc.\ in the middle of a sentence and etc. at its end. Or \&c.\ respectively. Versus should always be vs.\. In any case, make sure to use a custom command for this. As you seem to care for such things, you might change your mind later on and then you will be grateful for a custom command.
• vs.\  is sometimes simply v.\ , especially in American legal publications. As usual in typography, "always" is a bit strong. Nov 21, 2016 at 11:30
• Control space (\␣) appends glue as if spacefactor were 1000. Instead of control space I suggest restoring the spacefactor to what it was before placing the dot and delimiting the control sequence by a token whereafter spaces get tokenized: \def\vs.{vs.\spacefactor=\the\sfcode\v} and \def\etc.{etc.\spacefactor=\the\sfcode\c}. If you don't have the spacefactor restored, the spacefactor of a dot ending a sentence might erroneouly be used in situations where no spaces but closing parentheses follow the abbreviation-dot - e.g., : Animals (zebras, gnus, etc.) are in the wilderness. Nov 21, 2016 at 13:56