5

I am trying to align both sides of the inequalities in the picture below:

enter image description here

How do I do it with align?

\begin{align*}
&x = 0, \quad 0 < y \leq r,\\
0 < &x    < \dfrac{r}{\sqrt{2}}, \quad 0 < y \leq \sqrt{r^2-x^2},\\ 
0 < &y \leq \dfrac{r}{\sqrt{2}}, \quad 0 < x \leq \sqrt{r^2-y^2},\\
0 < &x \leq \dfrac{r}{\sqrt{2}}, \quad 0 < y \leq \dfrac{r}{\sqrt{2}},
\end{align*}
6

Here is an option with align* and alignat*:

enter image description here

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{amsmath}

\begin{document}

\begin{align*}
      x &= 0,                            & 0 &< y \leq r, \\
  0 < x &< \dfrac{r}{\sqrt{2}},          & 0 &< y \leq \sqrt{r^2-x^2}, \\ 
  0 < y &\leq \dfrac{r}{\sqrt{2}},       & 0 &< x \leq \sqrt{r^2-y^2}, \\
  0 < x &\leq \dfrac{r}{\sqrt{2}},       & 0 &< y \leq \dfrac{r}{\sqrt{2}},
\end{align*}

\begin{alignat*}{2}
      x &= 0,                            & 0 &< y \leq r, \\
  0 < x &< \dfrac{r}{\sqrt{2}},          & 0 &< y \leq \sqrt{r^2-x^2}, \\ 
  0 < y &\leq \dfrac{r}{\sqrt{2}},       & 0 &< x \leq \sqrt{r^2-y^2}, \\
  0 < x &\leq \dfrac{r}{\sqrt{2}}, \quad & 0 &< y \leq \dfrac{r}{\sqrt{2}},
\end{alignat*}

\end{document}
5

Here are two ways with TABstacks. In the first case, each equation is a fixed baselineskip from the next (here 1.9\baselineskip), and the equation is composed as two distinct stacked columns, with a \quad between the stacks. In the second case, a single \alignShortstack is used, which allows the vertical gap between equations to be set to a fixed value, here 8pt. Note that the gap between aligned equations has been set to 4em.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{mathtools,tabstackengine}
\stackMath
\begin{document}

\[
\setstackgap{L}{1.9\baselineskip}
\alignCenterstack{
x =& 0, \\
0 < x <& \dfrac{r}{\sqrt{2}},\\ 
0 < y \leq& \dfrac{r}{\sqrt{2}},\\
0 < x \leq& \dfrac{r}{\sqrt{2}},
}
\quad
\alignCenterstack{
0 <& y \leq r,\\
0 <& y \leq \sqrt{r^2-x^2},\\ 
0 <& x \leq \sqrt{r^2-y^2},\\
0 <& y \leq \dfrac{r}{\sqrt{2}},
}
\]
\bigskip
\[
\setstackgap{S}{8pt}
\setstackaligngap{4em}
\alignShortstack{
x =& 0, & 0 <& y \leq r,\\
0 < x <& \dfrac{r}{\sqrt{2}}, & 0 <& y \leq \sqrt{r^2-x^2},\\ 
0 < y \leq& \dfrac{r}{\sqrt{2}}, & 0 <& x \leq \sqrt{r^2-y^2},\\
0 < x \leq& \dfrac{r}{\sqrt{2}}, & 0 <& y \leq \dfrac{r}{\sqrt{2}},
}
\]
\end{document}

enter image description here

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