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In quantum mechanics it is often needed to write the expectation value of an observable:

enter image description here

How do I type such in LyX? I can write a bra using \left\langle ___ \right| and a ket with \left| ___ \right\rangle or simply with "Insert delimiters", but I have no idea how to insert a third, middle object between a bra and a ket.

  • Do you know how to load the braket package? If so, you could type \braket{\psi|A|\psi}. – Mico Dec 13 '16 at 17:48
  • No, I don't. Actually am not familiar with the "behind the scenes" stuff. But I guess you can guide me and I will make it through. – E Be Dec 13 '16 at 17:51
  • Do learn about ERTs ("Evil Red Tags"). They are lyx's way to allow users to enter LaTeX code directly into a document. – Mico Dec 13 '16 at 18:02
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    See if tex.stackexchange.com/questions/48031/… helps. – Torbjørn T. Dec 13 '16 at 21:31
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The right way to do this would be to use

\left\langle \psi \middle| A \middle| \psi \right\rangle

To get an even more fancy view in LyX, you could wrap this in a math macro (Insert --> Math --> Macro)

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