I have a tikz-pgf-question. I'd like to draw an arbitrary Riemann sum for simple function to illustrate the definition of \int_{a}^{b} f(x) dx. My MWE is here


    declare function={
        f(\x)=2+sin(deg(\x-2))+sin(deg(3*\x))/2+sin(deg(5*\x))/8 + sin(deg(7*\x))/28;
    axis lines = middle,
    xtick ={1,1.5,2,2.5,3,3.5,4},
    ytick ={0},
    xticklabels = {$a=x_0$,$x_1$,$x_2$,$x_3$, $\ldots$, $x_{n-1}$,$x_n=b$},
    ymin = -0.2,
    ymax = 3.7,
    xmin = -0.2,
    xmax = 5.2,
    axis line style = thick,
    extra x ticks={1.3,1.85,2.2,2.7,3.2,3.75},
extra x tick labels={$\xi_1$, $\xi_2$, $\xi_3$, $\xi_4$, $\xi_{n-1}$, $\xi_n$},

\addplot [
    line width=1pt,
    fill=red, draw=none,
    fill opacity=0.1
] {f(x)} \closedcycle;

\addplot [
    line width = 1pt, red] {f(x)};

\addplot [
    ycomb, thick, red,
    no markers,
    samples at={1,1.5,...,4}
] {f(x)};

\addplot [
    ycomb, thick, blue,
    no markers,
    samples at={1.3,1.85,2.2,2.6,3.2,3.65}
] {f(x)};


How can I fill my rectangles with light-blue? riemann

After 1 hour of thinking - Edits rsum Added

\addplot[ybar, bar width=30pt, domain=1:4,samples at={1.3,1.85,2.2,2.6,3.2,3.65}, fill=blue!50!cyan,fill opacity=0.3, draw=cyan]

BUT still want to correct width of all blue bars. Please, any idea?


1 Answer 1


Here is it. Totally overwritten) enter image description here


\tikzset{>=stealth',inner sep=0pt,outer sep=2pt}

\def\L{0.5} % width of interval

\pgfmathsetmacro{\Va}{2*sin(\a r+1)+4} \pgfmathresult
\pgfmathsetmacro{\Vb}{2*sin(\b r+1)+4} \pgfmathresult
\pgfmathsetmacro{\Vc}{2*sin(\c r+1)+4} \pgfmathresult

\draw[->,thick] (-0.5,0) -- (7,0) coordinate (x axis) node[below] {$x$};
\draw[->,thick] (0,-0.5) -- (0,7) coordinate (y axis) node[left] {$y$};
\foreach \f in {1.7,2.2,...,6.2} {\pgfmathparse{2*sin(\f r+1)+4} \pgfmathresult
\draw[fill=blue!20] (\f-\L/2,\pgfmathresult |- x axis) -- (\f-\L/2,\pgfmathresult) -- (\f+\L/2,\pgfmathresult) -- (\f+\L/2,\pgfmathresult |- x axis) -- cycle;}
\node at (\a-\L/2,-5pt) {\footnotesize{$a=x_0$}};
\node at (\b+\L/2+\L,-5pt) {\footnotesize{$b=x_n$}};
\draw[blue] (\c-\L/2,0) -- (\c-\L/2,\Vc) -- (\c+\L/2,\Vc) -- (\c+\L/2,0);
\draw[dashed] (\c,0) node[below] {\footnotesize{$\xi_i$}} -- (\c,\Vc) -- (0,\Vc) node[left] {$f(\xi_i)$};
\node at (\a+5*\L/2,-5pt) {\footnotesize{$x_{i-1}$}};
\node at (\a+7*\L/2,-5pt) {\footnotesize{$x_i$}};
\node at (\a+5*\L,-5pt) {\footnotesize{$x_{i+1}$}};
\draw[blue,thick,smooth,samples=100,domain=1.45:6.2] plot(\x,{2*sin(\x r+1)+4});
\filldraw[black] (\c,\Vc) circle (.03cm);

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