5

I have some code snippets using a lstlisting environment in a mdframed environment:

\begin{mdframed}[roundcorner=5pt]
\begin{lstlisting}[mathescape, caption={some snippet}, label=lst:snippet1, numbers=left,numberstyle=\tiny ,stepnumber=2, showstringspaces=false, basicstyle=\small, xleftmargin=-5pt, frame=b]
// blabla some code
\end{lstlisting}
\end{mdframed}

Now I don't want to type all the arguments every time I write a snippet, so I thought I could just create a new environment like this:

\newenvironment{lst}[2]
{%
\begin{mdframed}[roundcorner=5pt]%
\begin{lstlisting}[mathescape, caption={#1}, label=#2, numbers=left,numberstyle=\tiny ,stepnumber=2, showstringspaces=false, basicstyle=\small, xleftmargin=-5pt, frame=b]%
}%
{%
\end{lstlisting}%
\end{mdframed}%
}

but when I try to use it it won't compile with lots of error messages.

\begin{lst}{some caption}{lst:label1}
    // blabla code
\end{lst}

Why doesn't it work and how can I make it work?

edit: I just found \lstnewenvironment for creating a new listing environment. But still I can't figure out how to encapsulate both, mdframed and lstlisting, in one environment statement.

edit2: minimal (non-)working example:

\documentclass{scrreprt}

\usepackage{listings}
\usepackage[framemethod=TikZ]{mdframed}

\newenvironment{lst}[2]
{%
\begin{mdframed}[roundcorner=5pt]%
\begin{lstlisting}[mathescape, caption={#1}, label=#2, numbers=left,numberstyle=\tiny ,stepnumber=2, showstringspaces=false, basicstyle=\small, xleftmargin=-5pt, frame=b]%
}%
{%
\end{lstlisting}%
\end{mdframed}%
}

\begin{document}

A framed listing %\ref{lst:label1}:
\begin{lst}{fancy title}{lst:label1}
// initializing a
int a = 5;
\end{lst}

\end{document}
2
  • I think you're getting into trouble with the verbatim nature of lstlisting etc. Using the way you're doing it will never say the \end{....} statement of the environment. Please provide the document that causes this, not just a bunch of fragmented code
    – user31729
    Commented Jan 15, 2017 at 13:11
  • Please have a look on tcolorbox which has listings and nice boxes as well
    – user31729
    Commented Jan 15, 2017 at 13:35

2 Answers 2

6

You have to use \lstnewenvironment:

\documentclass{scrreprt}

\usepackage{listings}
\usepackage[framemethod=TikZ]{mdframed}

\lstnewenvironment{lst}[2]
  {%
   \mdframed[roundcorner=5pt]%
   \lstset{
     mathescape,
     caption={#1},
     label=#2,
     numbers=left,
     numberstyle=\tiny,
     stepnumber=2,
     showstringspaces=false,
     basicstyle=\small,
     xleftmargin=-5pt,
     frame=b,
   }%
  }
  {\endmdframed}

\begin{document}

A framed listing \ref{lst:label1}:
\begin{lst}{fancy title}{lst:label1}
// initializing a
int a = 5;
\end{lst}

\end{document}

enter image description here

4

Here's a way with tcolorbox and its 'automated' wrapping around listings:

\documentclass{scrreprt}

%\usepackage{listings}
%\usepackage[framemethod=TikZ]{mdframed}
\usepackage[most]{tcolorbox}


\newtcblisting[auto counter]{lst}[2][]{%
  listing options={mathescape,
    caption={#2},
    numbers=left,
    numberstyle=\tiny,
    stepnumber=2,
    showstringspaces=false,
    basicstyle=\small,
    xleftmargin=-5pt,
    frame=b},
  listing only, 
  left=5pt,
  enhanced jigsaw,
  listing remove caption=false,
  colback=white!80!yellow,
  boxrule=1pt,
  drop shadow,
  #1
}

\begin{document}

See \ref{somelabel}


\begin{lst}[label=somelabel]{fancy title}
// initializing a
int a = 5;
\end{lst}


\end{document}

enter image description here

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