I have a co-worker who claims MS word can do anything that LaTeX can do. Help me to help him feel his pain. I am looking for examples of typesetting in LaTeX that cannot be reproduced in MS Word. Examples such as symbols in math mode would be helpful.

One example may be the approximately proportional symbol here.

closed as primarily opinion-based by ebosi, user36296, Mico, Paul Gaborit, Mike Renfro Jan 24 '17 at 21:43

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    it is unlikely that any example can be found, both are capable if pushed of placing any character anywhere on the page. so it is all about ease of use and long term re-usability of the archived documents not about generation of a single static output – David Carlisle Jan 24 '17 at 20:45
  • Word used to be awful at typesetting mathematics but my understanding is that this has improved. Even so, if you compare "complicated" multi-line equations I would guess that those output by TeX look (significantly?) better. More to point, however, I think that (La)TeX wins on ease of use - writing mathematics using a series of drop-down menus is cumbersome, at best, whereas TeX is very easy - especially with an appropriately configured editor. Of course, this is is quite subjective because TeX does have a big learning curve. – Andrew Jan 24 '17 at 21:44
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    since the representative from microsoft on the unicode technical committee had a great deal to do with what symbols have been made available in cambria, i think there's not much (unless a symbol is "newly minted") that's going to be unavailable. (i was the representative from the stipub consortium responsible for adding thousands of math symbols to unicode; i worked with the microsoft representative in this endeavor, so there's a lot of common ground.) – barbara beeton Jan 24 '17 at 21:46
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    I haven't tried recently but in 2013 I wasn't able to write a small equation like e.g. Pythagoras $a^2+b^2=c^2$ in a chapter title and then try to get it in an automatically generated toc and in the pdf bookmarks. – Ulrike Fischer Jan 24 '17 at 23:09
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    Forget math. Unless MS Word has had some big-time improvements lately, LaTeX (and programs such as InDesign) can make typographic judgements for the paragraph layout of running text. I can tell the difference between LaTeX typography and word processing typography from about five feet away (closer than that, I need glasses). Too bad that LaTeX is mostly for math; it does spectacularly well in lengthy text, such as fiction. – user103221 Jan 25 '17 at 1:54

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