I am using UTM Malaysia bibliographic style. The style is available here. This style is producing the references as below.

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The citation inside the text also uses the word 'and' like

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How can I replace the word 'and', before the last author with, '&' in both places? The UTM complete template is available here.

  • Since you are using .bst files, I have removed the tag biblatex: you can't use biblatex with .bst files. – moewe Feb 1 '17 at 13:35
  • Maybe change FUNCTION {bbl.and} { "and"} to FUNCTION {bbl.and} { "\&"} on line 209? – Roald Feb 1 '17 at 14:29

As per my comment:

Change the code on line 208 and 209 of utmthesis-authordate.bst:

FUNCTION {bbl.and} 
    { "and"}


FUNCTION {bbl.and} 
    { "\&"}

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