I personally am a fan of the Wolfram Language, especially for its symbolic notation. The Wolfram Language uses the following symbols for arcs and edges respectively:

enter image description here

Suppose I wish to type some Mathematica pseudo-code and use these conventions rather than their "full form" (\[DirectedEdge] and \[UndirectedEdge]).

Then I can, somewhat, recreate these icons using tikz:

\draw[fill = black] (.25ex,.25ex) circle (.3ex);
\draw[thick] (.55ex,.25ex) -- (1.55ex,.25ex);%
\draw[fill = black] (1.85ex, .25ex) circle (.3ex);%

\draw[fill = black] (.25ex,.25ex) circle (.3ex);
\draw[thick, ->] (.55ex,.25ex) -- (1.85ex,.25ex);%


Where ue and de stand for undirected / directed edge respectively. While I would prefer to use edge and arc, arc is already taken in the namespace.

To be fair, using these symbols doesn't look like the worst thing ever seen when typeset:

\noindent\textbf{Adjacency}: if there exists an edge $e \in \mathbf{E}$, for $v_i, v_j \in \mathbf{V}$ such that $e$ is defined by $v_i$~\ue{}~$v_j$ (equivocally $v_j$ \ue{} $v_i$), then $v_i$ \& $v_j$ are said to be adjacent.

enter image description here

Personally, I am in favor of these symbols rather than the explicit stating of an (un)ordered set of two vertices, and walks look ok-ish as well:

enter image description here


While these tikz drawings work in the given cases, I have noticed that in caption environments the symbols is no longer centered with the text. Further, spacing can be an issue.

How can the following be achieved?

  • automatic binding (the preceding and succeeding character elements must be in the same line).

  • automatic centering to the preceding / succeeding character.

  • the ability to work in the math environment.

  • easy scaling.

Also, you opinion about using these glyphs in general would be appreciated. Be honest, how ugly are they?

  • For the second symbol you can use fdsymbol Spoons, package. There is the command \leftrightblackspoon or you can see at the link: tex.stackexchange.com/questions/74689/….
    – Sebastiano
    Feb 6 '17 at 9:56
  • @Sebastiano thank you, I wasn't aware of those glyphs, but it still isn't quite what I am looking for.
    – SumNeuron
    Feb 6 '17 at 12:02

You can combine some already existing symbols. For a relation you should put your definition in \mathrel to get the spacing right (if you prefer binary operation use \mathbin, there is a slight difference in spacing). The commands involve some spacing (\mkern) that you might have to change if you scale a lot. It seems to work for 10pt, 11pt and 12pt.

enter image description here

\usepackage[fleqn]{amsmath}%% align
\setlength\parindent{0pt}%% no indent
%% Definitions
In displayed math
  a &\ue b\\
  a &\de b
and inline: $v_i\ue v_j\ue v_h\ue v_k$.


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