Today I came across these three commands:


Some are mentioned here and here, but I didn't get the idea of it. It seems to have to do with the macro character.

I haven't seen any description about it on google and TeX.SX.

  • I retagged from tex-core to latex-base as these are latex macros – David Carlisle Feb 13 '17 at 22:01
  • 3
    This question explains them quite well: Lisp relics in LaTeXe logo – Alan Munn Feb 13 '17 at 22:02
  • @AlanMunn ooh it does but this one has a better title – David Carlisle Feb 13 '17 at 22:03
  • That's probably the reason I haven't found it – MaestroGlanz Feb 13 '17 at 22:04

the names come from lisp.

In lisp, car returns the head of a list, cdr returns the tail of a list and nil is an empty list.

in latex


(\@nil is not defined at all)


\@car abc\@nil

expands to a


\@cdr abc\@nil

expands to bc

  • In expl3 lingo, \tl_head:n {abc} and \tl_tail:n {abc} – egreg Feb 13 '17 at 22:02
  • But how does this work, if \@nil is undefined. Why is there no undefined error? – MaestroGlanz Feb 13 '17 at 22:02
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    @MaestroGlanz tokens only make an undefined error if you try to expand them. tokens used to delimit a macro argument are not expanded, try \def\foo#1\wibblethingy{hello #1}...\foo Maestro\wibblethingy – David Carlisle Feb 13 '17 at 22:06
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    @egreg we should put in a change request \tl_car:n and tl_cdr:n to honour the cultural heritage – David Carlisle Feb 13 '17 at 22:08
  • Aaaaah. Good to know. – MaestroGlanz Feb 13 '17 at 22:08

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