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I am currently preparing my research proposals. I have three general topics left. Before focusing on only one, I would like to hand in a single document with all three research proposals on (and three bibliographies) with the following structure:

Topic 1

  1. Idea and hypothesis -> text
  2. Literature -> bibliography (using \nocite(*))
  3. Methodology -> text

Topic 2

  1. Idea and hypothesis -> text (some \cite(...))
  2. Literature -> bibliography (using \nocite(*))
  3. Methodology -> text

Topic 3

  1. Idea and hypothesis -> text (some \cite(...))
  2. Literature -> bibliography (using \nocite(*))
  3. Methodology -> text

I am using TexMaker and JabRef. I also tried all given possibilities of using either, some or all used packages under %Bibliography. Below my code:

\documentclass[10pt,a4paper]{article}

%Layout
\setlength{\parindent}{2em}
\setlength{\parskip}{1em}
\renewcommand{\baselinestretch}{1.5}
\addtolength{\oddsidemargin}{-.875in}
\addtolength{\evensidemargin}{-.875in}
\addtolength{\textwidth}{1.75in}
\addtolength{\topmargin}{-.875in}
\addtolength{\textheight}{1.75in}

%Bibliography
%\usepackage[]{natbib}
\usepackage{cite}
\usepackage[english]{babel}
\usepackage{titlesec}
\usepackage{subfiles}
\usepackage{cleveref}

%Other packages
%\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
%\usepackage{amsmath}
%\usepackage{amsfonts}
%\usepackage{amssymb}

%====================================================================
%   RESEARCH PROPOSALS
%====================================================================
\begin{document}
\begin{LARGE}
Research Proposals
\end{LARGE}

\begin{enumerate}
%====================================================================
%   1 - DIVESTITURE STRATEGIES
%====================================================================
\item \textsc{Divestiture strategies}
%================================

\medskip
\begin{large}
\textit{Idea and hypothesis}
\end{large}\\
%================================
text
%================================

\medskip 
\begin{large}
\textit{Literature}
\end{large}\\
%================================
\nocite{*}
\bibliographystyle{apalike} % others are: unsrt / plain / alpha
\bibliography{literature_divestitures}
%================================

\medskip
\begin{large}
\textit{Methodology}
\end{large}\\
%
%====================================================================
%   2 - DEBT RENEGOTIATION
%====================================================================
\bigskip 
\item \textsc{Debt renegotiation}
%================================

\medskip
\begin{large}
\textit{Idea and hypothesis}
\end{large}\\
%================================
Text cite{asonuma2012serial,bai2012duration,bester1994role,favara2014debt,favara2015debt,moraux2014inside,saleh2005earnings,yue2010sovereign}) text
%================================

\medskip
\begin{large}
\textit{Literature}
\end{large}\\
%================================
\nocite{*}
\bibliographystyle{apalike} % others are: unsrt / plain / alpha
\bibliography{literature_debtrenegotiation}
%================================
\begin{large}
\textit{Methodology}
\end{large}\\
%
%====================================================================
%   3 - HEDGE FUND ACTIVISM
%====================================================================
\bigskip 
\item \textsc{Hedge funds activism}
%================================

\medskip
\begin{large}
\textit{Idea and hypothesis}
\end{large}\\
%================================
text
%================================

\medskip
\begin{large}
\textit{Literature}
\end{large}\\

\nocite{*}
\bibliographystyle{apalike} % others are: unsrt / plain / alpha
\bibliography{literature_hedgefunds}
%================================

\medskip
\begin{large}
\textit{Methodology}
\end{large}\\
%
%====================================================================
\end{enumerate}
\end{document}

The issue is, even though the bib files are in the same folder and I ran the usual quick build (1x pdflatex, 1x bibtex, 2x pdflatex) the bibliography doesn't show up and the citations made in the text are shown as [?].

Where is the mistake in the code? In my TexMaker code \bibliography{...} stays blue and doesn't turn to the usual code colors of grey/red. I am eternally grateful for you help.

Best Kim

Below my bib files (bibtex):

literature_debtrenegotiation.bib

@Article{favara2014debt,
  author  = {Favara, Giovanni and Morellec, Erwan and Schroth, Enrique and Valta, Philip},
  title   = {Debt renegotiation and investment decisions across countries},
  journal = {Unpublished Working Paper},
  year    = {2014},
}

@Article{favara2015debt,
  author = {Favara, Giovanni and Morellec, Erwan and Schroth, Enrique and Valta, Philip},
  title  = {Debt Renegotiation, Investment, and Risk Taking Across Countries},
  year   = {2015},
}

@Article{bai2012duration,
  author    = {Bai, Yan and Zhang, Jing},
  title     = {Duration of sovereign debt renegotiation},
  journal   = {Journal of international Economics},
  year      = {2012},
  volume    = {86},
  number    = {2},
  pages     = {252--268},
  publisher = {Elsevier},
}

@Article{saleh2005earnings,
  author    = {Saleh, Norman Mohd and Ahmed, Kamran},
  title     = {Earnings management of distressed firms during debt renegotiation},
  journal   = {Accounting and Business Research},
  year      = {2005},
  volume    = {35},
  number    = {1},
  pages     = {69--86},
  publisher = {Taylor \& Francis},
}

@Article{moraux2014inside,
  author    = {Moraux, Franck and Silaghi, Florina},
  title     = {Inside debt renegotiation: Optimal debt reduction, timing, and the number of rounds},
  journal   = {Journal of Corporate Finance},
  year      = {2014},
  volume    = {27},
  pages     = {269--295},
  publisher = {Elsevier},
}

@Article{asonuma2012serial,
  author  = {Asonuma, Tamon},
  title   = {Serial default and debt renegotiation},
  journal = {Browser Download This Paper},
  year    = {2012},
}

@Article{yue2010sovereign,
  author    = {Yue, Vivian Z},
  title     = {Sovereign default and debt renegotiation},
  journal   = {Journal of international Economics},
  year      = {2010},
  volume    = {80},
  number    = {2},
  pages     = {176--187},
  publisher = {Elsevier},
}

@Article{bester1994role,
  author    = {Bester, Helmut},
  title     = {The role of collateral in a model of debt renegotiation},
  journal   = {Journal of money, credit and banking},
  year      = {1994},
  volume    = {26},
  number    = {1},
  pages     = {72--86},
  publisher = {JSTOR},
}

literature_divestitures.bib

@Article{hoskisson1994,
  author    = {Hoskisson, Robert E and Johnson, Richard A and Moesel, Douglas D},
  title     = {Corporate divestiture intensity in restructuring firms: Effects of governance, strategy, and performance},
  journal   = {Academy of Management journal},
  year      = {1994},
  volume    = {37},
  number    = {5},
  pages     = {1207--1251},
  publisher = {Academy of Management},
}

@Article{woo1992spin,
  author    = {Woo, Carolyn Y and Willard, Gary E and Daellenbach, Urs and others},
  title     = {Spin-off performance: A case of overstated expectations?},
  journal   = {Strategic Management Journal},
  year      = {1992},
  volume    = {13},
  number    = {6},
  pages     = {433--447},
  publisher = {Wiley Online Library},
}

@Article{jain1994post,
  author    = {Jain, Bharat A and Kini, Omesh},
  title     = {The post-issue operating performance of IPO firms},
  journal   = {The journal of finance},
  year      = {1994},
  volume    = {49},
  number    = {5},
  pages     = {1699--1726},
  publisher = {Wiley Online Library},
}

@Article{krishnan2011venture,
  author    = {Krishnan, CNV and Ivanov, Vladimir I and Masulis, Ronald W and Singh, Ajai K},
  title     = {Venture capital reputation, post-IPO performance, and corporate governance},
  journal   = {Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis},
  year      = {2011},
  volume    = {46},
  number    = {05},
  pages     = {1295--1333},
  publisher = {Cambridge Univ Press},
}

literature_hedgefunds.bib

@Article{krishnan2016second,
  author    = {Krishnan, CNV and Partnoy, Frank and Thomas, Randall S},
  title     = {The second wave of hedge fund activism: The importance of reputation, clout, and expertise},
  journal   = {Journal of Corporate Finance},
  year      = {2016},
  volume    = {40},
  pages     = {296--314},
  publisher = {Elsevier},
}

@Article{coffee2016wolf,
  author    = {Coffee Jr, John C and Palia, Darius and others},
  title     = {The Wolf at the Door: The Impact of Hedge Fund Activism on Corporate Governance},
  journal   = {Ann§als of Corporate Governance},
  year      = {2016},
  volume    = {1},
  number    = {1},
  pages     = {1--94},
  publisher = {Now Publishers, Inc.},
}
  • 2
    This isn't a TeXMaker issue, the trouble is you're using multiple .bib files, and you'll need a package to help. Maybe take a look at this page for ideas: tex.ac.uk/FAQ-multbib.html – rbrignall Mar 3 '17 at 12:05
2

I suggest you use biblatex, which is easier to customise, has an apa style. Preferably compile with biber.

\documentclass[10pt,a4paper]{article}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}

%Layout
\setlength{\parindent}{2em}
\setlength{\parskip}{1em}
\renewcommand{\baselinestretch}{1.5}
\addtolength{\oddsidemargin}{-.875in}
\addtolength{\evensidemargin}{-.875in}
\addtolength{\textwidth}{1.75in}
\addtolength{\topmargin}{-.875in}
\addtolength{\textheight}{1.75in}

%Bibliography
\usepackage{csquotes}
\usepackage[style=apa]{biblatex}
\DeclareLanguageMapping{english}{english-apa}

\addbibresource{literature_divestitures.bib}
\addbibresource{literature_debtrenegotiation.bib}%
\addbibresource{literature_hedgefunds.bib}

\DeclareSourcemap{
 \maps[datatype=bibtex, overwrite]{
 \map{
 \perdatasource{literature_divestitures.bib}
 \step[fieldset=KEYWORDS, fieldvalue=DS, append]
 }
 \map{
 \perdatasource{literature_debtrenegotiation.bib}
 \step[fieldset=KEYWORDS, fieldvalue=DR, append]
 }
 \map{
 \perdatasource{literature_hedgefunds.bib}
 \step[fieldset=KEYWORDS, fieldvalue=HF, append]
 }
 }
}

\usepackage[english]{babel}
\addto\captionsenglish{\renewcommand{\bibname}{Literature}}
\usepackage{titlesec}
\usepackage{subfiles}
\usepackage{cleveref}
\titleformat*{\section}{\large\itshape}
%Other packages
%\usepackage{amsmath}
%\usepackage{amsfonts}
%\usepackage{amssymb}

%====================================================================
% RESEARCH PROPOSALS
%====================================================================
\begin{document}
\begin{LARGE}
Research Proposals
\end{LARGE}

\begin{enumerate}
%====================================================================
% 1 - DIVESTITURE STRATEGIES
%====================================================================
\item \textsc{Divestiture strategies}
%================================

\medskip
\begin{large}
\textit{Idea and hypothesis}
\end{large}
%================================
text
%%================================
\nocite{*}
\printbibliography[title=Literature, keyword=DS]
%%================================

\medskip
\begin{large}
\textit{Methodology}
\end{large}
%
%====================================================================
% 2 - DEBT RENEGOTIATION
%====================================================================
\bigskip
\item \textsc{Debt renegotiation}
%================================

\medskip
\begin{large}
\textit{Idea and hypothesis}
\end{large}\\
%================================
Text \cite{asonuma2012serial,bai2012duration,favara2014debt,favara2015debt,moraux2014inside,saleh2005earnings,yue2010sovereign}) text
%================================
\printbibliography[title=Literature, keyword=DR]
%================================
\begin{large}
\textit{Methodology}
\end{large}\\
%
%====================================================================
% 3 - HEDGE FUND ACTIVISM
%====================================================================
\bigskip
\item \textsc{Hedge funds activism}
%================================

\medskip
\begin{large}
\textit{Idea and hypothesis}
\end{large}\\
%================================
text
%================================
\printbibliography[title=Literature, keyword=HF]
%================================

\medskip
\begin{large}
\textit{Methodology}
\end{large}
%
%====================================================================
\end{enumerate}

\end{document} 

enter image description here

1

Expanding on my earlier comment, you can use the multibbl package:

\documentclass[10pt,a4paper]{article}
%Layout
\setlength{\parindent}{2em}
\setlength{\parskip}{1em}
\renewcommand{\baselinestretch}{1.5}
\addtolength{\oddsidemargin}{-.875in}
\addtolength{\evensidemargin}{-.875in}
\addtolength{\textwidth}{1.75in}
\addtolength{\topmargin}{-.875in}
\addtolength{\textheight}{1.75in}

%Bibliography
%\usepackage[]{natbib}
%\usepackage{cite}
\usepackage[english]{babel}
\usepackage{titlesec}
\usepackage{subfiles}
%\usepackage{cleveref}
\usepackage{multibbl}
\newbibliography{divestitures}
\newbibliography{debtrenegotiation}
\newbibliography{hedgefunds}

%====================================================================
%   RESEARCH PROPOSALS
%====================================================================
\begin{document}
\begin{LARGE}
Research Proposalssd
\end{LARGE}

\begin{enumerate}
%====================================================================
%   1 - DIVESTITURE STRATEGIES
%====================================================================
\item \textsc{Divestiture strategies}
%================================

\medskip
\begin{large}
\textit{Idea and hypothesis}
\end{large}\\
%================================
text
%================================
\nocite{divestitures}{*}
\bibliographystyle{divestitures}{apalike}
\bibliography{divestitures}{literature-divestitures}{\large\it Literature}

%================================

\medskip
\begin{large}
\textit{Methodology}
\end{large}\\
%
%====================================================================
%   2 - DEBT RENEGOTIATION
%====================================================================
\bigskip 
\item \textsc{Debt renegotiation}
%================================

\medskip
\begin{large}
\textit{Idea and hypothesis}
\end{large}\\
%================================
Text \cite{hedgefunds}{asonuma2012serial,bai2012duration,bester1994role,favara2014debt,favara2015debt,moraux2014inside,saleh2005earnings,yue2010sovereign}) text

%================================
\nocite{debtrenegotiation}{*}
\bibliographystyle{debtrenegotiation}{apalike} 
\bibliography{debtrenegotiation}{literature-debtrenegotiation}{\large\it Literature}
%================================
\begin{large}
\textit{Methodology}
\end{large}\\
%
%====================================================================
%   3 - HEDGE FUND ACTIVISM
%====================================================================
\bigskip 
\item \textsc{Hedge funds activism}
%================================

\medskip
\begin{large}
\textit{Idea and hypothesis}
\end{large}\\
%================================
text
%================================
\nocite{hedgefunds}{*}
\bibliographystyle{hedgefunds}{apalike} 
\bibliography{hedgefunds}{literature-hedgefunds}{\large\it Literature}
%================================

\medskip
\begin{large}
\textit{Methodology}
\end{large}\\
%
%====================================================================
\end{enumerate}
\end{document}

However, for this to work I had to remove the cite and cleveref packages, because multibbl redefines commands like \cite to take two arguments: the first of these is the bibliography you want to cite from.

To compile the above, after running latex (or pdflatex) as usual, you need to do bibtex divestitures, bibtex debtrenegotiation and bibtex hedgefunds to run bibtex on all three bibliographies. You then need to run latex (or pdflatex) twice more. Some TeX editors will have build sequences that know to run bibtex on these different aux files, while for others you may just have to do it from a command prompt.

  • First off, thank you for your answer. Were you able to generate a pdf with concerning bibliographies? I implemented your code but still "no show" in case of the bibliographies. – Kim Sa Mar 3 '17 at 13:52
  • Hi, yes, I have a PDF showing the three bibliographies correctly. You need to run bibtex on all three bibliographies separately, i.e. issue the commands bibtex divestitures, bibtex debtrenegotiation and bibtex hedgefunds. Some TeX Editors know to do this automatically, but maybe TeXMaker doesn't. – rbrignall Mar 3 '17 at 13:59

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