How would I write the following in LaTeX:

XXXX This is the  
XXXX abstract.

XXXX keyword1, keyword1  

In the above the letter X stands for space.


4 Answers 4


Using the adjustwidth environment from the changepage package it is possible to push the left/right margins of the text in by any given amount. The environment has the following syntax:


where it pushes the left margin in by <leftskip> and the right margin in by <rightskip>. To make the indentation align between the Abstract and Keywords, use the same <leftskip> length in \hspace{<leftskip>}.

Here is a minimal working example:

enter image description here

\usepackage{changepage}% http://ctan.org/pkg/changepage
\usepackage{lipsum}% http://ctan.org/pkg/lipsum
\hspace{1cm} keyword1, keyword2


The Abstract and Keyword titles were typeset as \section*, although this can be changed. For example, the article document class provides an abstract environment which typesets a heading and indents the abstract (like the adjustwidth environment) \leftmargin from the left and right. As such, you could use \hspace{\leftmargin} to have the Keywords indent the same distance. For completeness, in order to obtain the same formatting then, you could use

% <other content and document preamble>
  % <your abstract goes here>
\textbf{Keywords} \par
\hspace{\leftmargin} keyword1, keyword2, ...
% <article content>

Finally, lipsum was merely used for dummy text.


For the KOMA classes there is the addmargin environment which is similar to adjustwidth. It has the syntax

\begin{addmargin}[<left indentation>]{<indentation>}

By only supplying the mandatory argument, the same indentation will occur on both left and right side, while the optional argument will overwrite that for the left side.

There is also a starred version of the environment, for twosided layouts, where the optional argument sets the inner indent.




Try \phantom{XXXX} which will leave the same space as XXXX would have occupied. There are also \hphantom{XXXX} and \vphantom{XXXX} to leave only horizonal or vertical space taking zero space in the other dimension.


Ideally you can find a document class that supports abstract.

Or you could try \hspace{5cm} or \hskip{5cm}, I forget.

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