# How do I cite a figure from a journal paper?

I'm trying to create a BibTeX citation for a taxonomic illustration (to add the work to my ORCID, if it matters), but I can't seem to figure out what tags are appropriate here. For reference, the full-text citation (I'm using the journal Ecology's citation format) would be something like this:

Author, B.B. Phyton novum. [Illustration] In Author, A.A. (2000). New species of Phyton from Mars. Novon: A Journal for Botanical Nomenclature 1(100): 5.

I get how to format the citation for the article itself:

@article{Author_2000,
year=2000, month={jan}, volume = {1}, number = {100}, pages = {5},
author = {Alice A. Author},
title = {New species of \textit{Phyton} from Mars},
journal = {Novon: A Journal for Botanical Nomenclature},
publisher = {Missouri Botanical Garden Press}}


How should I modify that, though, when the work being cited is a figure within that article? I'd use inbook or incollection, but the parent work is a journal article rather than a book.

• Welcome to TeX.SE! Please tell us which bibliography style you use. Please also tell us if you use a citation management package, say, cite or natbib. – Mico Mar 30 '17 at 20:31
• Do you means something like this? tex.stackexchange.com/a/159460/124842 – Bobyandbob Mar 30 '17 at 20:40
• Is the author of the article the author of the figure? If so, you don't really need a different source: just the article. If the figure has a different author, though, things are trickier and the answer below won't work. – cfr Mar 31 '17 at 1:30
• @cfr if the figure has a different author, then I'd use @MISC with howpublished={Reproduced in \cite[Figure~4]{article}}. This will require two bibtex runs, of course. – Boris Mar 31 '17 at 16:33
• The figure does indeed have a different author. Thanks for the answers -- I'll try these and find out! – Photosynthetic Apr 3 '17 at 17:05

The usual way is \cite[Figure~5]{Author_2000}. Conceptually it is the same as \cite[Chapter~2]{Book} or \cite[p.~4]{Article}. You do not create a new reference, you pin your reference to a specific place in the source.

UPDATE

Looks like OP wanted to have a separate citation for a figure with the author different from the book author. Ok, here is how to do this:

@Misc{VitruvianMan,
author =   {da Vinci, Leonardo},
title =    {Vitruvian man},
howpublished = {Reproduced as Figure~5 in \cite{LifeOfLeonardo}},
year =     1490}

@Article{LifeOfLeonardo,
author =   {A. U. Thor},
title =    {Life of {L}eonardo},
journal =      {Art Studies},
year =     2017,
volume =   1,
number =   2,
pages =    {35--28}}

• As I understand it, the OP is asking how to reference the figure in the bibliography, not how to cite it in the text. – Sverre Apr 3 '17 at 17:13
• Sverre is right. – Photosynthetic Apr 5 '17 at 17:09